Advertisement

Rule Systems for Runtime Verification: A Short Tutorial

  • Howard Barringer
  • Klaus Havelund
  • David Rydeheard
  • Alex Groce
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5779)

Abstract

In this tutorial, we introduce two rule-based systems for on and off-line trace analysis, RuleR and LogScope. RuleR is a conditional rule-based system, which has a simple and easily implemented algorithm for effective runtime verification, and into which one can compile a wide range of temporal logics and other specification formalisms used for runtime verification. Specifications can be parameterized with data, or even with specifications, allowing for temporal logic combinators to be defined. We outline a number of simple syntactic extensions of core RuleR that can lead to further conciseness of specification but still enabling easy and efficient implementation. RuleR is implemented in Java and we will demonstrate its ease of use in monitoring Java programs. LogScope is a derivation of RuleR adding a simple very user-friendly temporal logic. It was developed in Python, specifically for supporting testing of spacecraft flight software for NASA’s next 2011 Mars mission MSL (Mars Science Laboratory). The system has been applied by test engineers to analysis of log files generated by running the flight software. Detailed logging is already part of the system design approach, and hence there is no added instrumentation overhead caused by this approach. While post-mortem log analysis prevents the autonomous reaction to problems possible with traditional runtime verification, it provides a powerful tool for test automation. A new system is being developed that integrates features from both RuleR and LogScope.

Keywords

Runtime verification rule systems temporal logic code instrumentation log file analysis Java AspectJ Python 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Allan, C., Avgustinov, P., Christensen, A.S., Hendren, L., Kuzins, S., Lhoták, O., de Moor, O., Sereni, D., Sittamplan, G., Tibble, J.: Adding trace matching with free variables to AspectJ. In: OOPSLA 2005. ACM Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andrews, J.H., Zhang, Y.: General test result checking with log file analysis. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering 29(7), 634–648 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Banieqbal, B., Barringer, H.: Temporal logic with fixed points. In: Banieqbal, B., Pnueli, A., Barringer, H. (eds.) Temporal Logic in Specification. LNCS, vol. 398, pp. 62–74. Springer, Heidelberg (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barringer, H., Fisher, M., Gabbay, D., Gough, G., Owens, R.: MetateM: an introduction. Formal Aspects of Computing 7(5), 533–549 (1995)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barringer, H., Goldberg, A., Havelund, K., Sen, K.: Rule-based runtime verification. In: Steffen, B., Levi, G. (eds.) VMCAI 2004. LNCS, vol. 2937, pp. 44–57. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barringer, H., Rydeheard, D., Havelund, K.: Rule systems for run-time monitoring: from Eagle to RuleR. In: Sokolsky, O., Taşıran, S. (eds.) RV 2007. LNCS, vol. 4839, pp. 111–125. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barringer, H., Rydeheard, D., Havelund, K.: RuleR: A tutorial guide (2008), http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/~howard/LPA.html
  8. 8.
    Barringer, H., Rydeheard, D., Havelund, K.: Rule systems for run-time monitoring: from Eagle to RuleR. Journal of Logic and Computation (2009), Advance Access published on November 21 (2008), doi:10.1093/logcom/exn076Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chen, F., Roşu, G.: MOP: An efficient and generic runtime verification framework. In: Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages and Applications, OOPSLA 2007 (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Drusinsky, D.: Modeling and Verification using UML Statecharts, 400 pages. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Havelund, K.: Runtime verification of C programs. In: Suzuki, K., Higashino, T., Ulrich, A., Hasegawa, T. (eds.) TestCom/FATES 2008. LNCS, vol. 5047, pp. 7–22. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hodkinson, I.M., Reynolds, M.: Separation - past, present, and future. In: Artëmov, S.N., Barringer, H., d’Avila Garcez, A.S., Lamb, L.C., Woods, J. (eds.) We Will Show Them! vol. 2, pp. 117–142. College Publications (2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kim, M., Kannan, S., Lee, I., Sokolsky, O.: Java-MaC: a run-time assurance tool for Java. In: Proc. of the 1st International Workshop on Runtime Verification (RV 2001). ENTCS, vol. 55(2). Elsevier, Amsterdam (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lange, M.: Alternating context-free languages and linear time mu-calculus with sequential composition. Electr. Notes Theor. Comput. Sci. 68(2) (2002)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moszkowski, B.: Executing temporal logic programs. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1980)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Moszkowski, B.C., Manna, Z.: Reasoning in interval temporal logic. In: Clarke, E.M., Kozen, D. (eds.) Logic of Programs 1983. LNCS, vol. 164, pp. 371–382. Springer, Heidelberg (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pnueli, A.: The temporal logic of programs. In: 18th Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, pp. 46–57. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (1977)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Smith, M., Havelund, K.: Requirements capture with RCAT. In: 16th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE 2008). IEEE Computer Society, Barcelona (2008)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stolz, V., Bodden, E.: Temporal assertions using AspectJ. In: Proc. of the 5th International Workshop on Runtime Verification (RV 2005). ENTCS, vol. 144(4). Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sun Microsystems, Inc. Java Platform, Standard Edition 6, API Specification (2009), http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/
  21. 21.
    Wolper, P.: Temporal logic can be more expressive. Information and Control 56 (1983)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard Barringer
    • 1
  • Klaus Havelund
    • 2
  • David Rydeheard
    • 1
  • Alex Groce
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  3. 3.School of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

Personalised recommendations