The Management of Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis



Spondylolysis is defined as a defect in the pars interarticularis (PI) and is unique to humans by virtue of their upright posture [1–3]. The foetal incidence of spondylolysis has conclusively been shown to be zero. By 6 years of age, the incidence has been reported at 4.4% and by adulthood at 6% [4]. Defects of the PI are twice as common in boys compared to girls. The incidence in the young athletic population is also much higher, and varies between 15 and 47% [5–8].


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spinal Surgery, Level 3, Theatre BlockRoyal Adelaide HospitalAdelaideAustralia

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