Numerical Optimisation Techniques Applied to Evacuation Analysis

  • Rodrigo Machado Tavares
  • Edwin R. Galea
Conference paper


A common problem faced by fire safety engineers in the field of evacuation analysis concerns the optimal design of an arbitrarily complex structure in order to minimise evacuation times. How does the engineer determine the best solution? In this study we introduce the concept of numerical optimisation techniques to address this problem. The study makes use of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model coupled with classical optimisation theory including Design of Experiments (DoE) and Response Surface Models (RSM). We demonstrate the technique using a relatively simple problem of determining the optimal location for a single exit in a square room.


Design Variable Response Surface Model Evacuation Time Numerical Optimisation Technique Fire Protection Engineer 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fire Safety Engineering GroupUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK

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