X-Ray Magnetic Dichroism

  • H. WendeEmail author
  • C. Antoniak
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 133)


An introduction is given to the X-ray magnetic dichroism focussing on X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). The standard analysis of XMCD spectra by using the sum rules is elucidated. Additionally, aspects of the experimental realization and the data analysis are presented. By means of experimental examples of light 3d metal films, rare earth single crystals, and Fe-porphyrin molecules, the assets and drawbacks of the XMCD technique are illustrated. It is shown that the comparison of ab initio calculated spectra to the experimental results can provide the magnetic properties of the samples if the standard analysis fails.


Transition Matrix Element Porphyrin Molecule Spin Magnetic Moment Total Electron Yield Orbital Magnetic Moment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Some of the results shown here are parts of the following PhD theses: the investigation of the induced moments in light 3d elements is a major part of the PhD thesis of A. Scherz, and the results for the rare earth XMCD are a part of the PhD thesis of C. Sorg. These two dissertations were supervised by K. Baberschke at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. The measurements of the paramagnetic porphyrin molecules on the ferromagnetic surfaces contribute to the PhD thesis of M. Bernien, who is supervised by W. Kuch at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. We thank the group leaders H. Ebert (LMU, Munich, Germany), J.J. Rehr (University of Washington, Seattle, USA), O. Eriksson (Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden), and their group members for the enlightening ab initio calculations. We thank R. Brand (Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany) for proofreading the manuscript. Furthermore, we want to acknowledge the help of the staff members at the synchrotron radiation facilities BESSY (Berlin, Germany) and ESRF (Grenoble, France) for their help during the experiments. These works are supported by BMBF (05 KS1 KEB/4, 05 KS4 KEB/5 and 05 ES3XBA/5) and DFG (SFB 290, SFB 491, SFB 658 and Heisenberg program).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich Physik and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CeNIDE)Universität Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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