Advertisement

Noneczematous Contact Reactions

  • Anthony GoonEmail author
  • Chee-Leok Goh
Chapter

Abstract

Not all skin contact reactions present as eczema or dermatitis. There are several distinct noneczematous contact reactions which are more commonly seen. The mechanisms of these reactions are not clearly elucidated yet. It is very useful to clinicians to be able to identify these dermatoses as contact reactions so that they may be confirmed with patch testing and other unnecessary investigations can be avoided. In this chapter, we will cover the following: Erythema multiforme-like eruption, pigmented purpuric eruption, lichen planus-like eruption, bullous eruption, papular and nodular eruption, granulomatous eruption, pustular eruption, erythematous and exfoliative eruption, scleroderma-like eruption, pigmented contact dermatitis, lymphomatoid contact dermatitis, and vascular-occlusive contact dermatitis.

Keywords

Contact Dermatitis Patch Test Allergic Contact Dermatitis Lichen Planus Erythema Multiforme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Goh CL (1989) Urticarial papular and plaque eruption. A manifestation of allergic contact dermatitis. Int J Dermatol 28:172–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holst R, Kirby J, Magnusson B (1976) Sensitization to tropical woods giving erythema multiforme-like eruptions. Contact Derm 2:295–296PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hausen BM (1981) Woods injurious to human health. De Gruyter, Berlin, p 59Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Calnan CD (1956) Nickel dermatitis. Br J Dermatol 68: 229–232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cavendish A (1968) A case of dermatitis from 9 bromofluorene and a peculiar reaction to a patch test. Br J Dermatol 52:155–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Powell EW (1968) Skin reactions to 9-bromofluorene. Br J Dermatol 80:491–496PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    De Feo CP (1966) Erythema multiforme bullosum caused by 9-bromofluorene. Arch Dermatol 94:545–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Roed-Petersen J (1975) Erythema multiforme as an expression of contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 1:270–271PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tjiu JW, Chu CY, Sun CC (2004) 1, 2-Ethanedithiol-induced erythema multiforme-like contact dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol 84:393–396PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nethercott JR, Albers J, Gurguis S et al (1982) Erythema multiforme exudativum linked to the manufacture of printed circuit boards. Contact Derm 3:314–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Phoon WH, Chan MOY, Rajan VS et al (1984) Stevens-Johnson syndrome associated with occupational exposure to trichloroethylene. Contact Derm 10:270–276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Goh CL (1988) Erythema multiforme-like eruption from trinitrotoluene allergy. Int J Dermatol 27:650–651PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schena D, Barba A (1992) Erythema-multiforme-like contact dermatitis from dimethoate. Contact Derm 27:116–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Batchvaros B, Minkow DM (1968) Dermatitis and purpura from rubber in clothing. Trans St John’s Hosp Derm Soc 54:73–78Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Calnan CD, Peachey RDG (1971) Allergic contact purpura. Clin Allergy 1:287–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fisher AA (1974) Allergic petechial and purpuric rubber dermatitis. The PPPP syndrome. Cutis 14:25–27Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Romaguera C, Grimalt F (1977) PPPP syndrome. Contact Derm 3:103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    van Joost T, van Ulsen J, Vuzevski VD, Naafs B, Tank BA (1990) Purpuric contact dermatitis to benzoyl peroxide. J Am Acad Dermatol 22:359–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    de Waard van der Spek FB, Oranje AP (1997) Purpura caused by Emla is of toxic origin. Contact Derm 36:11–13Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Goh CL, Kwok SF, Rajan VS (1984) Cross sensitivity in colour developers. Contact Derm 10:280–285PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mendel EH (1960) Lichen planus-like eruption caused by a colourfilm developer. Arch Dermatol 70:516–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fry L (1965) Skin disease from colour developers. Br J Dermatol 77:456–461PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Buckley WR (1958) Lichenoid eruptions following contact dermatitis. Arch Dermatol 78:454–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goh CL, Ng SK (1988) Bullous contact allergy from cinnamon. Dermatosen 36:186–187Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Monti M, Berti E, Cavicchini S, Sala F (1983) Unusual cutaneous reaction after gold chloride patch test. Contact Derm 9:150–151PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Iwatsuki K, Yamada M, Takigawa M, Inoue K, Matsumoto K (1987) Benign lymphoplasia of the earlobes induced by gold earrings: immunohistologic study on the cellular infiltrates. J Am Acad Dermatol 16:83–88PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rubin L (1956) Granulomas of axillae caused by deodorants. JAMA 162:953–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kaaber K, Nielsen AO, Veien NK (1992) Vaccination granulomas and aluminium allergy: course and prognostic factors. Contact Derm 26:304–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Armstrong DK, Walsh MY, Dawson JF (1997) Granulomatous contact dermatitis due to gold earrings. Br J Dermatol 136:776–778PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Fisher AA, Chargrin L, Fleischmayer R et al (1959) Pustular patch test reactions. Arch Dermatol 80:742–752PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Schoel VJ, Frosch PJ (1990) Allergisches Kontaktekzem durch Gummiinhaltsstoffe unter dem Bild einer Pustulosis palmaris. Dermatosen 38:178–180Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Stone OJ, Johnson DA (1967) Pustular patch test-experimentally induced. Arch Dermatol 95:618–619PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hjorth N (1977) Diagnostic patch testing. In: Marzulli F, Maibach HI (eds) Dermatoxicology and pharmacology. Wiley, New York, p 344Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (1981) Sterile cutaneous pustules – a manifestation of primary irritancy? J Invest Dermatol 76: 381–383PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Schwartz L, Tulipan L, Birmingham A (1947) Occupational diseases of the skin, 3rd edn. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, p 771Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Bauer M, Rabens SF (1977) Trichloroethylene toxicity. Int J Dermatol 16:113–116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Conde-Salazar L, Guimaraens D, Romero LV, Yus ES (1983) Subcorneal pustular eruption and erythema from occupational exposure to trichloroethylene. Contact Derm 9:235–237PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Nakayama H, Bobayashi M, Takahashi M, Ageishi Y, Takano T (1988) Generalized eruption with severe liver dysfunction associated with occupational exposure to trichloroethylene. Contact Derm 19:48–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Goh CL, Ng SK (1988) A cutaneous manifestation of trichloroethylene toxicity. Contact Derm 18:59–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hezemans-Boer M, Toonstra J, Meulenbelt J, Zwaveling JH, Sangster B, van Vloten WA (1988) Skin lesions due to exposure to methyl bromide. Arch Dermatol 124:917–921PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Walder BK (1983) Do solvents cause scleroderma? Int J Dermatol 22:157–158PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Texier L, Gautheir Y, Gauthier O et al (1972) Hypodermite sclerodermiforme lombo-fessiere induite par des injections de vitamine K1 et de Fer 300. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syphil 79:499–500Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Rommel A, Saurat JH (1982) Hypodermite fessiere sclerodermiforme et injections de vitamine K1 a la naissance. Ann Pediatr 29:64–66Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Pang BK, Munro V, Kossard S (1996) Pseudoscleroderma secondary to phytomenadione (vitamin K1) injections: Texier’s disease. Aust J Dermatol 37:44–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kozuka T, Tashiro M, Sano S, Fujimoto K, Nakamura Y, Hashimoto S, Nakaminami G (1979) Brilliant Lake Red R as a cause of pigmented contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 5: 297–304PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ippen H, Tesche S (1971) Freund’s pigmented photodermatitis. (“Berloque-dermatitis”, “eau de cologne-pigmentation”). Hautarzt 22:535–536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Orbaneja JG, Diez LI, Lozano JL, Salazar LC (1976) Lymphomatoid contact dermatitis: a syndrome produced by epicutaneous hypersensitivity with clinical features and a histopathologic picture similar to that of mycosis fungoides. Contact Derm 2:139–143PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ecker RI, Winkelmann RK (1981) Lymphomatoid contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 7:84–93PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Braun RP, French LE, Feldmann R, Chavaz P, Saurat JH (2006) Cutaneous pseudolymphoma, lymphomatoid contact dermatitis type, as an unusual cause of symmetrical upper eyelid nodules. Br J Dermatol 155:633–634PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Santos-Briz A, Antunez P, Munoz E, Moran M, Fernandez E, Unamuno P (2004) Vascular-occlusive contact dermatitis from fepradinol. Contact Derm 50:44–46PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Skin CenterSingaporeRepublic of Singapore

Personalised recommendations