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Empirical Findings on Critical Infrastructure Dependencies in Europe

  • Eric Luiijf
  • Albert Nieuwenhuijs
  • Marieke Klaver
  • Michel van Eeten
  • Edite Cruz
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5508)

Abstract

One type of threat consistently identified as a key challenge for Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) is that of cascading effects caused by dependencies and interdependencies across different critical infrastructures (CI) and their services. This paper draws on a hitherto untapped data source on infrastructure dependencies: a daily maintained database containing over 2375 serious incidents in different CI all over the world as reported by news media. In this paper we analyse this data to discover patterns in CI failures in Europe like cascades, dependencies, and interdependencies. Some analysis results indicate that less sectors than many dependency models suggest drive cascading outages and that cascading effects due to interdependencies are hardly reported.

Keywords

Energy Sector News Medium Critical Infrastructure Telecommunication Sector National Priority List 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Luiijf
    • 1
  • Albert Nieuwenhuijs
    • 1
  • Marieke Klaver
    • 1
  • Michel van Eeten
    • 2
  • Edite Cruz
    • 2
  1. 1.TNO Defence, Security and SafetyThe HagueThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology, Policy and ManagementTechnical University of DelftDelftThe Netherlands

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