A Meta-model Describing the Development Process of Mobile Learning

  • Anna Wingkvist
  • Morgan Ericsson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5686)


This paper presents a meta-model to describe the development process of mobile learning initiatives. These initiatives are often small scale trials that are not integrated in the intended setting, but carried out outside of the setting. This results in sustainability issues, i.e., problems to integrate the results of the initiative as learning aids. In order to address the sustainability issues, and in turn help to understand the scaling process, a meta-model is introduced. This meta-model divides the development into four areas of concern, and the life cycle of any mobile learning initiative into four stages. The meta-model was developed by analyzing and describing how a podcasting initiative was developed, and is currently being evaluated as a tool to both describe and evaluate mobile learning initiatives. The meta-model was developed based on a mobile learning initiative, but the meta-model itself is extendible to other forms of technology-enhanced learning.


development process meta-model mobile learning 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Allen, C.W.: Overview and evolution of the addie training system. Advances in Developing Human Resources 8(4), 430–441 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bell, T., Cockburn, A., Wingkvist, A., Green, R.: Podcasts as a supplement in tertiary education: An experiment with two computer science courses. In: Proc. of the Conf. on Mobile Learning Technologies and Applications, pp. 70–77 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Keegan, D.: The incorporation of mobile learning into mainstream education and training. In: Proc. of the 4th World Conf. on m-Learning (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Laouris, Y., Eteokleous, N.: We need an educationally relevant definition of mobile learning. In: Proc. of the 4th World Conf. on m-Learning (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Larman, C., Basili, V.: Iterative and incremental development: A brief history. Computer Supported Cooperative Work 36(6), 47–56 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Naismith, L., Corlett, D.: Reflections on success: A retrospective of the mlearn conference series 2002-2005. In: Proc. of the 5th World Conf. on m-Learning (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Royce, W.: Managing the development of large software systems. In: Proc. Westcon, pp. 328–339. IEEE CS Press, Los Alamitos (1970)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sharples, M., Milrad, M., Arnedillo-Sánchez, I., Vavoula, G.: Mobile learning: Small devices, big issues. In: Balacheff, N., Ludvigsen, S., de Jong, T., Lazonder, A., Barnes, S., Montandon, L. (eds.) Technology Enhanced Learning: Principles and Products. Springer, Berlin (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sommerville, I.: Software Engineering. Pearson, London (2008)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Taylor, J.: A task-centred approach to evaluating a mobile learning environment for pedagogical soundness. In: Attewell, J., Savill-Smith, C. (eds.) Learning with Mobile Devices: Research and Development, pp. 167–171. Learning and Skills Development Agency, London (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Taylor, J., Sharples, M., O’Malley, C., Vavoula, G.N., Waycott, J.: Towards a task model for mobile learning: A dialectical approach. International Journal of Learning Technology 2 ( 2–3), 138–158 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vavoula, G., Sharples, M.: Challenges in evaluating mobile learning. In: Proc. of the 7th World Conf. on m-Learning (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wingkvist, A.: The Quest for Equilibrium: Towards an Understanding of Scalability and Sustainability for Mobile Learning. Licentiate thesis. Växjö University (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wingkvist, A., Alexander, J.: Was it pod worthy? In: Proc. of the 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, pp. 674–683 (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Wingkvist
    • 1
  • Morgan Ericsson
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mathematics and Systems EngineeringVäxjö UniversityVäxjöSweden

Personalised recommendations