A Crowd Model for Emergency and Panic Situations: Structure, Characteristics and Behaviours

  • Mohd Bazli Ab Karim
  • Abdullah Zawawi Talib
  • Ahmad Izani Ismail
  • Bahari Belaton
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4078)


We describe a crowd model in emergency and panic situations. First, we describe the crowd structure of our model that comprises a combination of group-based and individual-based agents. This is followed by a description on the agent’s characteristics and its behaviours for emergency and panic situations. Detailed descriptions on agent’s behaviours including graphical illustrations and pseudo-scripts are also given. Finally, we summarize the paper and discuss the future work on the implementation of the crowd model for emergency and panic situations.


Individual Agent Group Agent Group Behaviour Exit Point Crowd Behaviour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd Bazli Ab Karim
    • 1
  • Abdullah Zawawi Talib
    • 1
  • Ahmad Izani Ismail
    • 2
  • Bahari Belaton
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer SciencesUniversity of Science MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Mathematical SciencesUniversity of Science MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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