Polish Children’s Gesticulation in Narrating (Re-telling) a Cartoon

  • Ewa Jarmołowicz-Nowikow
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5641)


The study was aimed at a preliminary analysis of the nonverbal component of utterances produced by nine year old Polish children in the task of re-telling a cartoon. Most research on children’s gestures so far has been confessed to younger subjects. The analyses presented in the article concern the relations between semantic contributions from the visual and auditory modalities (gestures and speech) as well as the viewpoint of gestures and the use of gesture space. Gestural phrases were tagged for their internal structure (phases) and gestures were categorized into basic types.


Gesture phrase viewpoint type of gestures gesture space 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kendon, A.: Some Topics in Gesture Studies. In: Esposito, A., Bratanic, M., Keller, E., Marinaro, M. (eds.) Fundamentals of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication and the Biometric Issue, pp. 3–19. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goldin-Meadow, S.: The Role of Gesture in Communication and Thinking. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3(11), 419–429 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Iverson, J.M., Goldin-Meadow, S.: Gesture Paves the Way for Language Development. American Psychological Society 16(5), 367–371 (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    McNeill, D.: Hand and Mind: What Gestures Reveal about Thought. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McNeill, D.: Gesture and Thought. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Riseborough, M.G.: Meaning in Movement: An Investigation into the Interrelationship of Physiographic Gestures and Speech in Seven-Year-Olds. British Journal of Psychology 73, 497–503 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Butcher, C., Goldin-Meadow, S.: When Hand and Mouth Come Together. In: McNeill, D. (ed.) Language and Gesture, pp. 235–258. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Iverson, J.M., Tencer, H.L., Lany, J., Goldin-Meadow, S.: The Relation Between Gesture and Speech in Congenitally Blind and Sighted Language-Learners. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 4(2), 105–130 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kita, S., Gijn van, I., Hulst van der, H.: Movements phases in signs and co-speech gestures, and their transcription by human coders. In: Wachsmuth, I., Fröhlich, M. (eds.) GW 1997. LNCS, vol. 1371, pp. 23–35. Springer, Heidelberg (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Karpinski, M., Jarmołowicz-Nowikow, E., Malisz, Z.: Aspects of Gestural and Prosodic Structure of Multimodal Utterances in Polish Task-Oriented Dialogues. The paper presented at the conference Analiza, Synteza i Rozpoznawanie Mowy, Zastosowania w Systemach Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego and accepted for publicationGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kendon, A.: Gesture, Visible Action as Utterance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cassell, J.: The Development of metanarrative speech and gesture in children’s storytelling. Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the society for Research on Child Development, Kansas City, MO (1989)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Holler, J., Beattie, G.: A Micro-Analytic Investigation on How Iconic Gestures and Speech Represent Core Semantic Features in Speech. Semiotica 142(1/4), 31–69 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewa Jarmołowicz-Nowikow
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Speech and Language Processing and Institute of LinguisticsAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznań

Personalised recommendations