COCOON 2009: Computing and Combinatorics pp 86-95

# Edge-Intersection Graphs of k-Bend Paths in Grids

• Therese Biedl
• Michal Stern
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5609)

## Abstract

Edge-intersection graphs of paths in grids are graphs that can be represented with vertices as paths in grids and edges between the vertices of the graph exist whenever two grid paths share a grid edge. This type of graphs is motivated by applications in conflict resolution of paths in grid networks.

In this paper, we continue the study of edge-intersection graphs of paths in a grid, which was initiated by Golumbic, Lipshteyn and Stern. We show that for any k, if the number of bends in each path is restricted to be at most k, then not all graphs can be represented. Then we study some graph classes that can be represented with k-bend paths, for small k. We show that every planar graph has a representation with 5-bend paths, every outerplanar graph has a representation with 3-bend paths, and every bipartite planar graph has a representation with 2-bend paths.

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