Directed Components Analysis: An Analytic Method for the Removal of Biophysical Artifacts from EEG Data
Artifacts generated by biophysical sources (such as muscles, eyes, and heart) often hamper the use of EEG for the study of brain functions in basic research and applied settings. These artifacts share frequency overlap with the EEG, making frequency filtering inappropriate for their removal. Spatial decomposition methods, such as principal and independent components analysis, have been employed for the removal of the artifacts from the EEG. However, these methods have limitations that prevent their use in operational environments that require real-time analysis. We have introduced a directed components analysis (DCA) that employs a spatial template to direct the selection of target artifacts. This method is computationally efficient, allowing it to be employed in real-world applications. In this paper, we evaluate the effect of spatial undersampling of the scalp potential field on the ability of DCA to remove blink artifacts.
KeywordsEEG artifact brain activity neuroergonomic
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