Lens Accommodation to the Stereoscopic Vision on HMD

  • Satoshi Hasegawa
  • Masako Omori
  • Tomoyuki Watanabe
  • Kazuhiro Fujikake
  • Masaru Miyao
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5622)


The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect on visual function of gazing at stereoscopic images on a head mounted display (HMD). We measured visual accommodation during stereoscopic viewing while using a HMD by using our original instrument of measurement. The presented image was shown 3-dimensionally on an HMD set up at a visual distance of 3 cm. A spherical object moved back and forth toward and away from the observer in a 10 sec cycle. While the subjects were gazing at the 3D image with both eyes, the lens accommodation in the right eye was measured and recorded. Accommodation to the virtual objects was shown during the viewing of stereoscopic images of 3D computer graphics, but was not shown when the images were displayed without appropriate binocular parallax. It is suggested that stereoscopic moving images on HMD induced the visual accommodation by the expansion and contraction of the ciliary muscle, which is synchronizing with convergence.


Binocular HMD Stereoscopic image 3-dimension Visual function 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Masako Omori
    • 2
  • Tomoyuki Watanabe
    • 3
  • Kazuhiro Fujikake
    • 4
  • Masaru Miyao
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Information MediaNagoya Bunri UniversityInazawa AichiJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Home EconomicsKobe Women’s UniversitySuma-ku KobeJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Psychological and Physical ScienceAichi Gakuin UniversityAichiJapan
  4. 4.The Institute for Science of LabourKawasaki KanagawaJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Information ScienceNagoya UniversityChikusa-ku NagoyaJapan

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