Relationship between Physiological Indices and a Subjective Score in Evaluating Visually Induced Motion Sickness
Visual environments are evolving rapidly along with the popularization of high resolution and wide field-of-view displays. However, there is a concern that these environments may give negative effects on viewers’ health such as visually-induced motion sickness (VIMS). Previous studies reported that some physiological indices were useful to assess the effect of visual stimulation. However, we have little knowledge about temporal relationship between the severity of sickness and the change in the physiological indices. In this study, the average mutual information has been employed to investigate this relationship. The analysis of experimental data has suggested that there is a possibility to detect a sign of VIMS prior to the development of symptoms of VIMS with the physiological indices.
Keywordsvisually-induced motion sickness physiological index subjective score averaged mutual information
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Nakagawa, C., Ohsuga, M.: The present situation of the studies in VE-sickness and its close field (in Japanese). Trans. of the Virtual Reality Society of Japan 3(2), 31–39 (1998)Google Scholar
- 7.Hu, S., Grant, W.F., Stern, R.M., Koch, K.L.: Motion sickness severity and physiological correlates during repeated exposures to a rotating optokineic drum. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 62, 308–314 (1991)Google Scholar
- 8.Miller, J.C., Sharkey, T.J., Graham, G.A., McCauley, M.E.: Autonomic physiological data associated with simulator discomfort. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 64(9), 813–819 (1993)Google Scholar
- 9.Stern, R.M., Koch, K.L., Leibowitz, H.W., Lindblad, I.M., Shupert, C.L., Stewart, W.R.: Tachygastria and motion sickness. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 56, 1074–1077 (1985)Google Scholar
- 11.Sugita, N., Yoshizawa, M., Tanaka, A., Abe, K., Yambe, T., Nitta, S.: Evaluation of effect of visual stimulation on humans based on maximum cross-correlation coefficient between blood pressure and heart rate (in Japanese). J. Human Interface Society of Japan 4(4), 39–46 (2002)Google Scholar
- 12.Sugita, N., Yoshizawa, M., Abe, M., Tanaka, A., Yambe, T., Nitta, S., Chiba, S.: Biphasic Effect of Visually-induced Motion Sickness Revealed by Time-Varying Correlation of Autonomic Nervous System. In: 10th International Conference on Human - Computer Interaction, LasVegas (2005) (CD-ROM)Google Scholar
- 13.Sugita, N., Yoshizawa, M., Tanaka, A., Abe, K., Yambe, T., Nitta, S.: Evaluation of the Effect of Visual Stimulation on Humans by Simultaneous Experiment with Multiple Subjects. In: 27th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Shanghai (2005) (CD-ROM)Google Scholar
- 14.Sugita, N., Yoshizawa, M., Abe, M., Tanaka, A., Watanabe, T., Chiba, S., Yambe, T., Nitta, S.: Evaluation of adaptation to visually induced motion sickness based on the maximum cross-correlation between pulse transmission time and heart rate. J. NeuroEngineering Rehabilitation (Online) 4(37) (2007), http://www.jneuroengrehab.com/content/4/1/35
- 19.Malliani, A., Montaro, N.: Heart rate variability as a clinical tool. Ital. Heart J. 3, 439–445 (2002)Google Scholar