Advertisement

Analysing the Role of Accessibility in Contemporary Urban Development

  • Henning Sten Hansen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5592)

Abstract

Accessibility is an important spatial characteristic and a significant link between transportation and land-use. Accordingly, accessibility plays in important role in urban and regional planning, spatial policy development, and urban land-use modelling. Accessibility is usually estimated by means of infrastructure based measures, which describes the performance of the road network. The aim of the current research project has been to analyse the relationship between accessibility and contemporary urban development to support urban land-use modelling efforts. Traditionally, accessibility analysis has been performed using network analysis software, but in order to create spatially continuous accessibility surfaces we have used a raster based approach to accessibility analysis. We have applied two different kinds of destinations for the accessibility calculations. Besides the towns and city centres, which are the usual choice of destination points, we decided also to calculate an accessibility surface for motorway junctions, due the fact that they are crucial for many location decisions. The results of the analysis indicate that the usual way of handling accessibility in land-use modelling is insufficient, and significant improvement can be obtained by incorporating ‘real’ accessibility in urban land-use models.

Keywords

Accessibility Land-use Spatial Analysis GIS 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hansen, W.G.: How Accessibility shapes land-use. Journal of the American Institute of Planners 25, 73–76Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Clarke, K., Hoppens, S., Gaydos, L.: A Self-modifying Callular Automaton Model of Historical Urbanisation in the San Francisco Area. Environment and Planning B 24, 247–261Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Clarke, K., Gaydos, L.: Loose-coupling a Cellular Automaton model and GIS: Long-term Urban Growth Prediction for San Francisco and Washington /Baltimore. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 12, 699–714Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barredo, J.I., Kasanko, M., McCormick, N., Lavalle, C.: Modelling dynamic spatial processes: Simulation of urban future scenarios through cellular automata. Landscape and Urban Planning 64, 145–160 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Engelen, G., White, R., Uljee, I.: The MURBANDY and MOLAND models for Dublin. Final report, RIKS (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hansen, H.S.: An Adaptive Land-use Simulation Model for Integrated Coastal Zone Planning. In: The European Information Society. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, pp. 35–53 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hansen, H.S.: LUCIA – A Tool for Land Use Change Impact Analysis. Kart & Plan 2, 1–11 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Garner, B.J.: Settlement Locations. In: Chorley, R.J., Haggett, P. (eds.) Socio-economic Models in Geography, Taylor & Francis, Abington (1967)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zipf, G.: Human Behaviour and the Principle of Least Effort. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1949)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lösch, A.: The Economics of Location. Yale University Press (1954)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Christaller, W.: Die Zentralen Orte in Südeutchland. Jena (1933)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ingram, D.R.: The Concept of Accessibility: A Search for an operational Form. Regional Studies 5, 101–107 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Song, S.: Some Tests of Alternative Accessibility Measures: A Population Density Approach. Land Economics 72, 474–482Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Love, D., Lindquist, P.: The geographical Accessibility of Hospitals to the Aged: A Geographic Information Systems Analysis within Illinois. Health Service Research 29, 629–651Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rietveld, P.: The Accessibility of railway Stations: The Role of the Bicycle in the Netherlands. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 5, 71–75Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Linneker, B.J., Spence, N.A.: Accessibility measures compared in an analysis of the impact of the M25 London Orbital Motorway in Britain. Environment and Planning A 24, 1137–1154 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Guy, C.M.: The Assessment of Access to Local Shopping Opportunities: A Comparison of Accessibility Measures. Environment and Planning B 10, 219–238 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hansen, H.S.: An Accessibility Analysis of the Impact of major Changes in the Danish Infrastructure. In: Harts, J., Ottens, H., And Scholten, H. (eds.) EGIS 1993 – Proceedings of the 4th European Conference and Exhibition on Geographical Information Systems, Genova, pp. 852–860 (1993)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shen, Q.: Location characteristics of inner city neighbourhoods and employment accessibility og low-wage workers. Environment and Planning B 25, 345–365 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    National Survey and cadastre. TOP10DK – The Specification. National Survey and Cadastre, Copenhagen (1995)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Daugbjerg, P., Hansen, K.V.: Property Data. The Danish National Survey and Cadastre. Copenhagen (2000) (in Danish)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Juliao, R.P.: Accessibility and GIS. ERSA Conference papers, European Regional Science Association, pp. 1–11 (1999)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hovgesen, H.H., Nielsen, T.S.: Motorways and Urban Development in Denmark – A Historical Review. In: Geografisk Tidsskrift, vol. 5, pp. 288–294 (2007) (in Danish)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henning Sten Hansen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Development and PlanningAalborg UniversityAalborg EastDenmark

Personalised recommendations