Online Charging for IMS-Based Inter-domain Composite Services

  • Minh van Le
  • Frens Jan Rumph
  • George B. Huitema
  • Bert Jan van Beijnum
  • L. J. M. (Bart) Nieuwenhuis
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5539)


In order to manage financial risks online charging of composite services is becoming increasingly important for service providers to support service delivery in inter-domain environments. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has developed a framework for off-line and online charging of IMS-based services. At service level, delivery of composite services often involves many service providers, where each service provider is responsible for the delivery of one or more service components (e.g. access service, IMS communication service, content service, etc.). Current Online Charging System (OCS) specified by 3GPPP does not support an online charging function for composite services. This paper discusses a number of implications of online charging of composite services, in particular inter-domain composite services. It addresses important shortcomings of the current 3GPP online charging architecture and suggests a way to overcome these shortcomings. The contribution of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it proposes an information model to support charging of inter-domain composite services. The proposed information model is based on the NGOSS and SID concepts of the TeleManagement Forum. Secondly, it proposes additional functionalities required for existing OCS in IMS to handle online charging of inter-domain composite services.


Online charging composite services IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) inter-domain 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cuevas, A., Moreno, J.I., Vidales, P., Einsiedler, H.: The IMS service platform: a solution for next-generation network operators to be more than bit pipes. IEEE Communication Magazine 44(8) (August 2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    3GPP, Charging Architecture and Principles, TS 32.240, version 8.4.0 (September 2008)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Strassner, J., Fleck, J., Huang, J., Faurer, C., Richardson, T.: TMF Whitepaper on NGOSS and MDA, version 1 (November 2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    TMForum, Shared Information/Data (SID) Model – Business View Concepts, Principles and Domains, release 6 (November 2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    TMForum, Service Delivery Framework Overview, release 2.0 (September 2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    3GPP, Study on Architecture Impacts of Service Brokering, TR 23.810, release 8.0 (September 2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huslak, N.S., McQuaide, A.C.: Service Brokering: Opportunities and Challenges. In: International Conference on Intelligent Network (ICIN), Bordeaux, France, October 20-23 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Le, M.V., Beijnum, B.J.F., Niewenhuis, L.J.M., Huitema, G.B.: An Enterprise Model for Real-time Inter-domain Billing of Services. In: Workshop on ODP Enterprise Computing (WODPEC), Muchen (September 2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    de Laat, C., Gross, G., Gommans, L., Vollbrecht, J., Spence, D.: Generic AAA Architecture, IETF RFC 2903 (August 2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Geerts, G.L., McCarthy, W.E.: An ontological analysis of the economic primitives of the extended-REA enterprise information architecture. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems 3, 1–16 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    3GPP, Online Charging System (OCS): Applications and interfaces, TS 32.296, version 8.2.0 (June 2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kurtansky, P., Reichl, P., Stiller, B.: The Evaluation of the Efficient Prepaid Scheme TICA for All-IP Networks and Internet Services. In: 10th IEEE/IFIP Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM 2007). IEEE, Munich (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    3GPP, PS Domain Charging, TS 32.251 v8.3.0 (September 2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hakala, H., Mattila, L., Koskinen, J.P., Stura, M., Loughney, J.: Credit Control Application, IETF RFC 4006 Diameter (August 2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minh van Le
    • 1
  • Frens Jan Rumph
    • 2
  • George B. Huitema
    • 2
  • Bert Jan van Beijnum
    • 3
  • L. J. M. (Bart) Nieuwenhuis
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Information Systems and Change ManagementUniversity of Twentethe Netherlands
  2. 2.TNOthe Netherlands
  3. 3.Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of Twentethe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations