Molecular Networks pp 87-95

Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 132) | Cite as

Crystal Polymorphism and Multiple Crystal Forms

  • Dario Braga
  • Fabrizia Grepioni
  • Lucia Maini
  • Marco Polito
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of polymorphism in organic and organometallic compounds. Polymorphism is first introduced and then, to give the work some context, background information is given concerning properties and techniques for characterizing the solid phases. In particular, desolvation and interconverstion are examined, and the gas–solid reactions are presented as a successful route to obtaining new crystalline phases. Co-crystal definition is then described and the problem in distinguishing co-crystals and salts is evaluated.

Keywords

Co-crystal Hydrogen bond Organic salt Polymorphism Solid-gas reaction Solid-state NMR Solvate X-ray diffraction 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dario Braga
    • 1
  • Fabrizia Grepioni
    • 1
  • Lucia Maini
    • 1
  • Marco Polito
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di chimica G. CiamicianUniversità degli Studi di BolognaItaly

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