Web-Based 3D and Haptic Interactive Environments for e-Learning, Simulation, and Training

  • Felix G. Hamza-Lup
  • Ivan Sopin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 18)


Knowledge creation occurs in the process of social interaction. As our service-based society is evolving into a knowledge-based society, there is an acute need for more effective collaboration and knowledge-sharing systems to be used by geographically scattered people. We present the use of 3D components and standards, such as Web3D, in combination with the haptic paradigm, for e-Learning and simulation.


Haptics H3D X3D 3D Graphics 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felix G. Hamza-Lup
    • 1
  • Ivan Sopin
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science Armstrong Atlantic State UniversitySavannahU.S.A.

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