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Pediatric Acute Lung Injury

  • Peter Dahlem
  • Adrienne G. Randolph
Chapter

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by acute pulmonary inflammation causing severe hypoxia and often leading to respiratory failure. About 9 % of mechanically ventilated children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) fulfill the American-European Consensus Criteria (AECC) for ALI (Table 49.1), of which approximately 80 % suffer from its most severe form, i.e., the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (Bernard et al. 1994; Bindl et al. 2005; Dahlem et al. 2003). The AECC criteria aim to guide clinicians in their daily judgement of patients and also help researchers to define a homogenous group of patients for investigations.

Keywords

Acute Lung Injury Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Functional Residual Capacity Ventilator Setting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsMedical Center of CoburgCoburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiaChildren’s HospitalBostonUSA

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