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Approaches to Adverse Patient-Ventilator Interactions

  • Ira M. CheifetzEmail author
  • David A. TurnerEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Most mechanical ventilators in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units provide continuous monitoring of respiratory variables as well as a graphical display of gas flow, tidal volume, and airway pressure. Routine analysis of these waveforms is an important aspect of the assessment of patient-ventilator interactions and should be used to optimize mechanical ventilatory support. The ventilator can be titrated using airway graphics and waveforms to improve patient-ventilator synchrony, reduce patient work of breathing, and calculate physiologic parameters related to respiratory mechanics.

Keywords

Right Ventricle Pulmonary Vascular Resistance Functional Residual Capacity Inspiratory Flow Respiratory Acidosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Respiratory Care and ECMODuke Children’s HospitalDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowship ProgramDuke Children’s HospitalDurhamUSA

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