Participatory Approaches

  • Olivier BarreteauEmail author
  • Pieter Bots
  • Katherine Daniell
  • Michel Etienne
  • Pascal Perez
  • Cécile Barnaud
  • Didier Bazile
  • Nicolas Becu
  • Jean-Christophe Castella
  • William’s Daré
  • Guy Trebuil
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Why Read This Chapter?

To help you understand how one might involve stakeholders in all stages of the modelling process. This approach allows for including stakeholders’ expertise as well as giving them more control over the process.


This chapter aims to describe the diversity of participatory approaches in relation to social simulations, with a focus on the interactions between the tools and participants. We consider potential interactions at all stages of the modelling process: conceptual design; implementation; use; and simulation outcome analysis. After reviewing and classifying existing approaches and techniques, we describe two case studies with a focus on the integration of various techniques. The first case study deals with fire hazard prevention in southern France, and the second one with groundwater management on the Atoll of Kiribati. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the advantages and limitations of participatory approaches.


Tacit Knowledge Participatory Approach Participatory Process Social Complexity Bayesian Belief Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Barreteau
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pieter Bots
    • 2
  • Katherine Daniell
    • 3
  • Michel Etienne
    • 4
  • Pascal Perez
    • 5
  • Cécile Barnaud
    • 6
  • Didier Bazile
    • 7
  • Nicolas Becu
    • 8
  • Jean-Christophe Castella
    • 9
  • William’s Daré
    • 7
  • Guy Trebuil
    • 7
  1. 1.IRSTEA, UMR G-EAUMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology, Policy and ManagementDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Centre for Policy InnovationThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  4. 4.Ecodevelopment UnitDomaine St-PaulAvignon cedex 9France
  5. 5.SMARTUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia
  6. 6.INRA, Centre INRA de Toulouse UMR Dynafor Chemin de Borde RougeCastanet Tolosan CedexFrance
  7. 7.Cirad GREENMontpellier Cedex 5France
  8. 8.CNRS, Laboratoire de géographie PRODIGParisFrance
  9. 9.Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)UMR 220 GRED (IRD UPV Montpellier 3)VientianeLaos

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