Attention-Based Management of Information Flows in Synchronous Electronic Brainstorming

  • Antonio Ferreira
  • Valeria Herskovic
  • Pedro Antunes
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5411)

Abstract

In this paper we argue for buffering group awareness information to mitigate information overload and help users keep up with the group. We propose an attentive groupware device, called the opportunity seeker, that leverages the natural alternation between a user doing individual work and attending to the group to automatically manage the timing and quantity of information to be delivered based upon each user’s state of attention. We explain how this device can be applied to synchronous electronic brainstorming and present results from a laboratory experiment, which indicate that groups produced 9.6% more ideas when compared to the immediate broadcast of ideas. In addition, a user-level post-hoc analysis suggests that information overload was attenuated with the opportunity seeker as users had 7.5 seconds of extra uninterrupted time to think about and type an idea, which they began to write 6.4 seconds sooner, and completed in 4.2 seconds less time.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Vertegaal, R.: Attentive user interfaces: Introduction. Communications of the ACM 46(3), 30–33 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Roda, C., Thomas, J.: Attention aware systems: Introduction to special issue. Computers in Human Behavior 22(4), 555–556 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vertegaal, R., Shell, J.S., Chen, D., Mamuji, A.: Designing for augmented attention: Towards a framework for attentive user interfaces. Computers in Human Behavior 22(4), 771–789 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fogarty, J., Ko, A.J., Aung, H.H., Golden, E., Tang, K.P., Hudson, S.E.: Examining task engagement in sensor-based statistical models of human interruptibility. In: CHI 2005: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, April 2005, pp. 331–340. ACM Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baudisch, P., DeCarlo, D., Duchowski, A.T., Geisler, W.S.: Focusing on the essential: Considering attention in display design. Communications of the ACM 46(3), 60–66 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vertegaal, R., Weevers, I., Sohn, C., Cheung, C.: GAZE-2: Conveying eye contact in group video conferencing using eye-controlled camera direction. In: CHI 2003: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 521–528. ACM Press, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jenkin, T., McGeachie, J., Fono, D., Vertegaal, R.: eye View: Focus+context views for large group video conferences. In: CHI 2005: Extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 1497–1500. ACM Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pinelle, D., Gutwin, C.: Groupware walkthrough: Adding context to groupware usability evaluation. In: CHI 2002: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 455–462. ACM Press, New York (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bailey, B.P., Konstan, J.A.: On the need for attention-aware systems: Measuring effects of interruption on task performance, error rate, and affective state. Computers in Human Behavior 22(4), 685–708 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    McFarlane, D.C.: Comparison of four primary methods for coordinating the interruption of people in human-computer interaction. Human-Computer Interaction 17(1), 63–139 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Osborn, A.F.: Applied imagination: Principles and procedures of creative problem-solving, 3rd edn., Scribner, New York, NY, USA (1963)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Briggs, R.O., Reinig, B.A., Shepherd, M.M., Yen, J., Nunamaker, J.F.: Quality as a function of quantity in electronic brainstorming. In: HICSS 1997: Proceedings of the thirtieth Hawaii international conference on System sciences, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 94–103. IEEE Press, Los Alamitos (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wickens, C.D., McCarley, J.S.: Applied Attention Theory. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Ferreira
    • 1
  • Valeria Herskovic
    • 2
  • Pedro Antunes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsUniversity of LisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversidad de ChileChile

Personalised recommendations