A Tale of Two Cities: Density Analysis of CBD on Two Midsize Urban Areas in Northeastern Italy

  • Giuseppe Borruso
  • Andrea Porceddu
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 176)


The paper is focused on the observation of urban form and functions and is aimed at identifying a method for the cartographic definition and representation of CBD (Central Business District). The analysis is developed to explore the formation of centers of different order in the urban environment, starting from the locations of a selected set of human activities located in urban areas. An index of concentration of central activities is presented to allow the visualization of the functional urban environment by means of a density surface, therefore highlighting areas where central activities and functions concentrate. The paper is based on analyses related to spatial statistics in a GIS environment. We provide a short review of the literature on CBD research, briefly describe the kernel density estimation method, and propose how this can be used in order to test the index of concentration of activities and therefore delineating CBD, presenting evidence from two urban areas in Northeastern Italy (Trieste and Udine).


Central Business District Kernel Density Estimation GIS Nearest Neighbor Analysis Trieste Udine 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Borruso
    • 1
  • Andrea Porceddu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geographical and Historical SciencesUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly

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