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Reasoning about Context in Uncertain Pervasive Computing Environments

  • Pari Delir Haghighi
  • Shonali Krishnaswamy
  • Arkady Zaslavsky
  • Mohamed Medhat Gaber
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5279)

Abstract

Context-awareness is a key to enabling intelligent adaptation in pervasive computing applications that need to cope with dynamic and uncertain environments. Addressing uncertainty is one of the major issues in context-based situation modeling and reasoning approaches. Uncertainty can be caused by inaccuracy, ambiguity or incompleteness of sensed context. However, there is another aspect of uncertainty that is associated with human concepts and real-world situations. In this paper we propose and validate a Fuzzy Situation Inference (FSI) technique that is able to represent uncertain situations and reflect delta changes of context in the situation inference results. The FSI model integrates fuzzy logic principles into the Context Spaces (CS) model, a formal and general context reasoning and modeling technique for pervasive computing environments. The strengths of fuzzy logic for modeling and reasoning of imperfect context and vague situations are combined with the CS model’s underlying theoretical basis for supporting context-aware pervasive computing scenarios. An implementation and evaluation of the FSI model are presented to highlight the benefits of the FSI technique for context reasoning under uncertainty.

Keywords

context fuzzy logic and pervasive computing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pari Delir Haghighi
    • 1
  • Shonali Krishnaswamy
    • 1
  • Arkady Zaslavsky
    • 1
  • Mohamed Medhat Gaber
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Distributed Systems and Software EngineeringMonash UniversityAustralia

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