Floor Fields for Tracking in High Density Crowd Scenes

  • Saad Ali
  • Mubarak Shah
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5303)

Abstract

This paper presents an algorithm for tracking individual targets in high density crowd scenes containing hundreds of people. Tracking in such a scene is extremely challenging due to the small number of pixels on the target, appearance ambiguity resulting from the dense packing, and severe inter-object occlusions. The novel tracking algorithm, which is outlined in this paper, will overcome these challenges using a scene structure based force model. In this force model an individual, when moving in a particular scene, is subjected to global and local forces that are functions of the layout of that scene and the locomotive behavior of other individuals in the scene. The key ingredients of the force model are three floor fields, which are inspired by the research in the field of evacuation dynamics, namely Static Floor Field (SFF), Dynamic Floor Field (DFF), and Boundary Floor Field (BFF). These fields determine the probability of move from one location to another by converting the long-range forces into local ones. The SFF specifies regions of the scene which are attractive in nature (e.g. an exit location). The DFF specifies the immediate behavior of the crowd in the vicinity of the individual being tracked. The BFF specifies influences exhibited by the barriers in the scene (e.g. walls, no-go areas). By combining cues from all three fields with the available appearance information, we track individual targets in high density crowds.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saad Ali
    • 1
  • Mubarak Shah
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Vision LabUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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