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Narrative Exposition

  • Frank Neuner
  • Magarete Schauer
  • Thomas Elbert

Zusammenfassung

Das Kernelement von Behandlungsverfahren, deren Wirksamkeit für Überlebende traumatischer Erlebnisse gut belegt ist, ist das zwischenmenschliche Mitteilen der Erfahrungen. Die Narration ereignet sich von Angesicht zu Angesicht, von Sprecher zu Zuhörer. So entsteht die Unmittelbarkeit gemeinsamen Nacherlebens: Die erzählende Person teilt erinnerte und sich neu aktualisierende Emotionen, Gedanken, Fakten und Empfindungen mit. Die Erzählung bezieht sich auf den Verlauf des Geschehens, genauso wie auf die vielschichtigen Bedeutungen des Erlebnisses einschließlich moralischer Implikationen und zukunftsweisender Konsequenzen für das Mensch- und Weltverständnis. Viele Generationen tauschten Informationen über bedeutende, auch schwere und schreckliche Ereignisse, Werte und Erfahrungen am Lagerfeuer aus und gaben diese an ihre Nachkommen weiter. Religionsgemeinschaften haben ihre Lehren in Form von Sammlungen ursprünglich mündlicher, später schriftlich fixierter Geschichten und Gleichnisse überliefert.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Neuner
    • 1
  • Magarete Schauer
    • 2
  • Thomas Elbert
    • 2
  1. 1.Klinische Psychologie und PsychotherapieUniversität BielefeldBielefeld
  2. 2.Klinische Psychologie und NeuropsychologieUniversität KonstanzKonstanz

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