GNSS Maps in Environmental Monitoring

  • Joseph L. Awange
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Traditionally, maps have been produced by plotting features on paper at a given scale, calling upon a variety of cartographic skills. The advent of computers, satellite data, and geographical information system (GIS), however, has revolutionized the art of map production, with the modern day cartographer required to master computer skills for the purpose of not only the production, but also the management of digital maps.


Geographical Information System Environmental Monitoring Environmental Impact Assessment Total Station Environmental Impact Assessment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bakhsh A, Jaynes DB, Colvin TS, Kanwar RS (2000) Spatio-temporal analysis of yield variability for a corn-soybean field in Iowa. Trans ASAE 43(1):31–38Google Scholar
  2. Braun M, Sim oes JC, Vogt S, Bremer UF, Blindow N, Pfender M, Saurer H, Aquino FE, Ferron FA (2001) An improved topographic database for King George Island: Compilation, application and outlook. Antarct Sci 13(1):41–52 doi: 10.1017/S0954102001000074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Clark RL, Lee R (1998) Development of topographic maps for precision farming with kinematic GPS. Trans ASAE 41(4):909–916Google Scholar
  4. El-Mowafy A (2000) Performance analysis of the RTK technique in an urban environment. Aust Surv 45(1):47–54Google Scholar
  5. Featherstone WE, Stewart MP (2001) Combined analysis of real-time kinematic GPS and its users for height determination. J Surv Eng 127(2):31–51. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9453(2001) Google Scholar
  6. Fischer C, Spreckels V (1999) Environmental monitoring of coal mining subsidences by airborne high resolution scanner. In: Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1999. IGARSS ‘99 Proceedings. IEEE 1999 International, pp 897–899. doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.1999.774478
  7. Fraisse CW, Sudduth KA, Kitchen NR (2001) Delineation of site-specific management zones by use of unsupervised classication of topographic attributes and soil electrical conductivity. Trans ASAE 44(1):155–166Google Scholar
  8. Garget D (2005) Testing of robotic total station for dynamic tracking. University of Southern Queensland. Accessed 20 Aug 2009
  9. Gili JA, Corominas J, Rius J (2000) Using global positioning techniques in landslide monitoring. Eng Geol 155(3):167–192 doi:10.1016/S0013-7952(99)00127-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hall B (1994) Environmental Mapping Systems - Locationally Linked Databases. Riversinfo. Precision Info. id=1. Accessed 20 Aug 2009
  11. Hendricks DM (2004) Maps in environmental monitoring. In: Artiola J, Pepper IL, Brusseau ML (eds) Environmental monitoring and characterization. Elsevier Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  12. Jacobs PG (2005) Assessing RTK GPS for a suburban survey practice, University of Southern Queensland, Faculty of Engineering and Surveying. Accessed 28 Jan 2010
  13. Ji CY, Liu Q, Sun D, Wang S, Lin P, Li X (2001) Monitoring urban expansion with remote sensing in China. Int J Remote Sens 22(8):1441–1455 doi:10.1080/01431160117207Google Scholar
  14. Kvamme K, Ernenwein E, Markussen C (2006) Robotic total station for microtopographic mapping: an example from the northern great plains. Archaeol Prospect 13: 91–102. Wiley Interscience. Accessed 18 Aug 2009Google Scholar
  15. Lavine A, Gardner J, Reneau S (2003) Total station geologic mapping: an innovative approach to annalyzing surface-faulting hazards. Eng Geol 70:71–91 10.1016/S0013-7952(03)00083-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Monico JFG (2004) United nations office for outer space affairs GNSS web pages. GPS Solutions 8(2):112–114. doi: 0.1007/s1 Google Scholar
  17. Renschler CS, Flanagan DC, Engel BA, Kramer LA, Sudduth KA (2002) Site specific decision-making based on RTK GPS survey and six alternative data sources: watershed topography and delineation. Trans ASAE 45(6):1883–1895Google Scholar
  18. Reynolds W, Young F, Gibbings P (2005) A comparison of methods for mapping golf greens. Spatial Science Queensland, 2007 (4), pp 33–36. ISSN 1032–3848.Google Scholar
  19. Rutchey K, Vilcheck L (1994) Development of an Everglades vegetation map using a SPOT image and the global positioning system. Photogramm Eng Remote Sens 60(6):767–775Google Scholar
  20. Schloderer G, Bingham M, Awange JL, Fleming KM (2011) Application of GNSSRTK derived topographical maps for rapid environmental monitoring: a case study of Jack Finney Lake (Perth, Australia). Environ Monit Assess 180(1–4):147–161. doi: 10.1007/s10661-010-1778-8 Google Scholar
  21. Schmidt JP, Taylor RK, Gehl RJ (2003) Developing topographic maps using a submeter accuracy global positioning system. Appl Eng Agric 19(3):291–300Google Scholar
  22. Shalaby A, Tateishi R (2007) Remote sensing and GIS for mapping and monitoring land cover and land-use changes in the Northwestern coastal zone of Egypt. Applied Geography 27:28–41. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2006.09.004
  23. Tokmakidis K, Spatalas S, Pikridas C (2003) A comparison of a digital terrain model obtained from GPS and classical data. In: Proceedings of international symposium on modern technologies, education and professional practice in the Globalizing World, November. Sofia, Bulgaria, pp 30–35Google Scholar
  24. US Army Corps of Engineers (2007) Control and topographic surveying. Engineering and design manual, EM 1110–1-1005Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph L. Awange
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Maseno UniversityMasenoKenya
  2. 2.Curtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations