Basics of Galileo Satellites

  • Joseph L. Awange
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Since their inception, GPS satellites have been the primary GNSS (see Chap. 2), and in doing so, have attracted global usage. The Russian GLONASS has to a lesser extent been used, but it has faced maintenance problems and as such, has not been able to compete effectively with GPS. Both systems, however, have one thing in common, and that is, they are controlled by the military of their respective countries. Users from other countries have been at the mercies of the providers and therefore do not have autonomous control or a say in the integrity of the systems. Integrity is the capability of a system to provide a timely alert to the user when it fails to meet the thresholds of accuracy for which it is designed.


European Space Agency Open Service Local Component Ground Segment Space Segment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. European Commission and European Space Agency (2002) Galileo mission high level definition, 3rd issue. Accessed 11 Nov 2008
  2. ESA (2006) EGNOS. The European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System—A cornerstone of Galileo. In: Ventura-Traveset J, Flament D (eds), SP-1303, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  3. European Space Agency (2008) What is EGNOS? egnos_0.html. Accessed 10 Nov 2008
  4. European Union and European Space Agency (EU and ESA) (2002) Galileo: mission high level definition, 3rd issueGoogle Scholar
  5. Hofman-Wellenhof B, Lichtenegger H, Wasle E (2008) GNSS global navigation satellite system: GPS, GLONASS; Galileo and more. Springer, WienGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph L. Awange
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Maseno UniversityMasenoKenya
  2. 2.Curtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations