Improving Placeholders in Digital Documents

  • George Buchanan
  • Jennifer Pearson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5173)

Abstract

Placeholders in physical documents provide critical support for the human reader in relocating material and their place in the text. However, the equivalent tools in digital documents have long been identified as suffering from unintuitive interactions and low rates of use. This paper evaluates the current bookmarking technologies found in digital document readers, and identifies a number of specific and significant shortcomings in their support for user activity. We introduce some simple interactions that close the gap between user requirements and the placeholder support in a simple document reader program. Through this, we demonstrate that improved interactions can be created that reduce the barriers that inhibit placeholder use in digital documents.

Keywords

Digital Libraries Interaction Design Document Triage 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Abrams, D., Baecker, R., Chignell, M.: Information archiving with bookmarks: personal web space construction and organization. In: CHI 1998: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, New York, NY, USA, pp. 41–48. ACM Press/Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. (1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernstein, M.: The bookmark and the compass: orientation tools for hypertext users. SIGOIS Bull. 9(4), 34–45 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Buchanan, G., Loizides, F.: Investigating document triage on paper and electronic media. In: Proc. European Conference on Digital Libraries, pp. 416–426. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buchanan, G., Owen, T.: Improving navigation interaction in digital documents. In: Proceedings of ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries. ACM, New York (in press, 2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marshall, C.C.: Annotation: from paper books to the digital library. In: DL 1997: Proceedings of the second ACM international conference on Digital libraries, pp. 131–140. ACM, New York (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marshall, C.C., Bly, S.: Turning the page on navigation. In: JCDL 2005: Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries, pp. 225–234. ACM, New York (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marshall, C.C., Frank, I., Shipman, M.: Spatial hypertext: designing for change. Commun. ACM 38(8), 88–97 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marshall, C.C., Price, M.N., Golovchinsky, G., Schilit, B.N.: Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group. In: DL 1999: Proceedings of the fourth ACM conference on Digital libraries, pp. 77–84. ACM, New York (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schilit, B.N., Price, M.N., Golovchinsky, G.: Digital library information appliances. In: Procs. ACM Conf. on Digital libraries, pp. 217–226. ACM Press, New York (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tabard, A., Mackay, W., Roussel, N., Letondal, C.: Pagelinker: integrating contextual bookmarks within a browser. In: CHI 2007: Procs. SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 337–346. ACM Press, New York (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tauscher, L., Greenberg, S.: How people revisit web pages: empirical findings and implications for the design of history systems. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Stud. 47(1), 97–137 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Weinreich, H., Obendorf, H., Herder, E., Mayer, M.: Off the beaten tracks: exploring three aspects of web navigation. In: WWW 2006: Proceedings of the 15th international conference on World Wide Web, pp. 133–142. ACM Press, New York (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Woodward, H., Rowland, F., McKnight, C., Pritchett, C., Meadows, J.: Cafe jus: an electronic journals user survey. Journal of Digital Information 1 (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Buchanan
    • 1
  • Jennifer Pearson
    • 1
  1. 1.Future Interaction Technology LaboratoryUniversity of WalesSwansea

Personalised recommendations