Contour Integration and Synchronization in Neuronal Networks of the Visual Cortex
The visual perception of contours by the brain is selective. When embedded within a noisy background, closed contours are detected faster, and with higher certainty, than open contours. We investigate this phenomenon theoretically with the paradigmatic excitable FitzHugh-Nagumo model, by considering a set of locally coupled oscillators subject to local uncorrelated noise. Noise is needed to overcome the excitation threshold and evoke spikes. We model one-dimensional structures and consider the synchronization throughout them as a mechanism for contour perception, for various system sizes and local noise intensities. The model with a closed ring structure shows a significantly higher synchronization than the one with the open structure. Interestingly, the effect is most pronounced for intermediate system sizes and noise intensities.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.