Changing Avian Diversity in Jodhpur, Western Rajasthan

Abstract

Jodhpur is a part of the western arid zone of India and was once considered as capital of the former princely state of Marwar, Rajasthan. It is also a ‘door’ to the Great Indian Desert, the Thar. Ecologically, the fauna and flora represent those of a typical desert. In the recent past, environmental conditions have changed substantially in Jodhpur District, associated with the replacement of several desert species. An ample supply of water through the Indira Gandhi Canal has led to a strongly modified overall ecological scenario in terms of avian diversity, the number of species having increased from 125 in 1992 to 232 in the year 2002. Concurrently, the habitats of several ground species have suffered severe alterations due to urbanization—vast expanses of scrublands and barren lands have been turned into residential areas and gardens. The gardens are being maintained due to the continuous water supply, and have attracted several species, as a result of which there has been a considerable change in species composition. Moreover, increased mining activities have had negative impacts on species diversity and replacement. Thus, continuous patches of uniform habitats have been fragmented due to developmental activities in the region. The native fauna is declining and facing the pressure of increased competition between sympatric species. More attention is needed for the conservation of the native fauna and their habitats if the changes which have already occurred in Jodhpur are not to extend to the whole scenario for the Great Indian Thar Desert. This would be an immense loss of the unique ecosystem of the Great Saharo-Tharian desert of India.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, A. 1899. Western Rajasthan State. Taylor and Francis, London.Google Scholar
  2. Ali, S. 1975. On some birds of Indian Desert. In: R.K. Gupta and I. Prakash (eds) Environmental analysis of the Thar Desert. English Book Depot, Dehra Dun. Pp. 423–431.Google Scholar
  3. Barnes, H.E. 1886. Birds nesting in Rajputana. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 1: 38–62.Google Scholar
  4. Barnes, H.E. 1891. Nesting in Western India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 1–25.Google Scholar
  5. Bohra, H.C. and S.P. Goyal 1992. Checklist of birds of Machia Safari Desert Park Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Pavo 30(1–2): 87–97.Google Scholar
  6. Chhangani, A.K. 2002. Avifauna in and around Jodhpur city, Rajasthan. Newslett. Birdwatchers 42(2): 24–26.Google Scholar
  7. Hume, A.O. 1873. Contribution to the ornithology of India: Sindh II. Stray Feathers 1: 44–290.Google Scholar
  8. Hume, A.O. 1878. The birds of a drought. Ibid 7: 52–68.Google Scholar
  9. Magurran, A.E. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Croom Helm, Australia. 179 p.Google Scholar
  10. Margalef, F.R. 1958. Information theory in ecology. Gen. Syst. 3: 36–71.Google Scholar
  11. Prakash, I. 1981. Wildlife conservation in Thar. Arid Land Newslett. 14a: 2–8.Google Scholar
  12. Prakash, I. 1986. Faunal diversity of the Thar Desert. Scientific, Jodhpur. 114 p.Google Scholar
  13. Prakash, I. 1988. Desert ecology. Scientific, Jodhpur.Google Scholar
  14. Prakash, I. and P.K. Ghosh 1964. The Great Indian Bustard breeding in Rajasthan. Ibid 3: 2.Google Scholar
  15. Prakash, I. and H. Singh 2001. Composition and species diversity of small mammals in the hilly tracts of Southeastern Rajasthan. Trop. Ecol. 42(1): 25–33.Google Scholar
  16. Rahmani, A.R. 1997. Wildlife in the Thar. WWF, New Delhi. 100 p.Google Scholar
  17. Rahmani, A.R. and R.G. Soni 1997. Avifaunal changes in the Indian Thar desert. J. Arid Environ. 36: 687–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Roberts, T.J. 1991–1992. The birds of Pakistan, 2 vols. Oxford University Press, Karachi.Google Scholar
  19. Sharma, S.K. 2001. Impact of Indira Gandhi Canal on the desert avifauna of Rajasthan. Report to the Ministry of Environment and Forest, GOI, New Delhi. 459 p.Google Scholar
  20. Singh, H. 2002. Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura in the Thar Desert. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 101(2): 319–320.Google Scholar
  21. Singh, H. 2005. Sighting of Sirkeer Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii) in the Thar Desert. Zoo’s Print. Pp. 1903.Google Scholar
  22. Sivaperuman, C., S. Kumar and N.S. Rathore 2004. Avifauna of Desert Regional station, Zoological Survey India. Zoo’s Print J. 19(12): 1718–1719.Google Scholar
  23. Tiwari, J.K. 1997. Status distribution survey of white-nape tit in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Mimeo 1–298.Google Scholar
  24. Whistler, H. 1938. The ornithological survey of Jodhpur State. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 40: 213–235.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Desert Medicine Research CentreJodhpur 342005, RajasthanIndia

Personalised recommendations