Disyllabic Chinese Word Extraction Based on Character Thesaurus and Semantic Constraints in Word-Formation
This paper presents a novel approach to Chinese disyllabic word extraction based on semantic information of characters. Two thesauri of Chinese characters, manually-crafted and machine-generated, are conducted. A Chinese wordlist with 63,738 two-character words, together with the character thesauri, are explored to learn semantic constraints between characters in Chinese word-formation, resulting in two types of semantic-tag-based HMM. Experiments show that: (1) both schemes outperform their character-based counterpart; (2) the machine-generated thesaurus outperforms the hand-crafted one to some extent in word extraction, and (3) the proper combination of semantic-tag-based and character-based methods could benefit word extraction.
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