Analysis of Mass Variations in Northern Glacial Rebound Areas from GRACE Data

  • Holger Steffen
  • Jürgen Müller
  • Heiner Denker
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 133)


Since 2002 the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission is mapping the Earth’s gravity field, showing variations due to the integral effect of mass variations in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere. After reduction of oceanic and atmospheric contributions as well as tidal effects during the GRACE standard processing, monthly solutions of the gravity field are provided by several institutions. The solutions of the analysis centres differ slightly, which is due the application of different reduction models and centre-specific processing schemes. In addition, residual signals from insufficient pre-processing of the transmitted satellite data may be present

We present our investigation of mass variations in the areas of glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) in North America and Northern Europe from GRACE data, especially from the latest release of the GFZ Potsdam. One key issue is the separation of GIA parts and the reduction of the observed quantities by applying dedicated filters and models of hydrological variations. In a further step, we analyse the results of both regions regarding their reliability, and finally a comparison to results from geodynamical modelling is presented. Our results clearly show that the quality of the GRACE-derived gravity change signal benefits from improved reduction models and dedicated analysis techniques. Nevertheless, the comparison to results of geodynamic models still reveals differences, and thus further studies are in progress


GRACE Mass variation Glacial isostatic adjustment Global hydrology models 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holger Steffen
    • 1
  • Jürgen Müller
    • 1
  • Heiner Denker
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für ErdmessungLeibniz Universität HannoverGermany

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