A Qualitative Analysis on Collaborative Learning Experience of Student Journalists Using Wiki

  • Will Wai Kit Ma
  • Allan Hoi Kau Yuen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5169)

Abstract

Education in journalism emphasizes internships, apprenticeships, and other opportunities to learn journalism by doing journalism; however, most computer-mediated communication tools do not have such a provision. The fully open structure of Wiki matches the principles of learning journalism while, from a technical point of view, Wiki provides a very easy way for users to report, write and edit. In a case study, a group of undergraduate journalism students were exposed to a student-written Wiki to jointly compose news reporting. Analysis of student journalists’ responses to the open-ended questions revealed revision as the core processing capability of Wiki. The motivational factors to revision include accuracy (fact checking), story enrichment, and personal interest toward the news topic. In addition, learners are also affected by the social interactions among the community users within Wiki. The qualitative data shows students both value the process and face challenges in managing the complexity of shared editing.

Keywords

Wikis Journalistic Writing Processes Revision Social Interaction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wikipedia: Wiki, vol. 2006 (2006), http://Wikipedia.org
  2. 2.
    Bulik, B.S., Kerwin, A.M.: Media Morph: PBWiki. Advertising Age 77, 35 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Guzdial, M., Rick, J., Kehoe, C.: Beyond Adoption to Invention: Teacher-Created Collaborative Activities in Higher Education. The Journal of the Learning Sciences 10, 265–279 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Raman, M., Ryan, T., Olfman, L.: Designing Knowledge Management Systems for Teaching and Learning with Wiki Technology. Journal of Information Systems Education 16, 311–320 (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ma, W.W.K., Yuen, A.H.K.: Learning News Writing Using Emergent Collaborative Writing Technology Wiki. In: Fong, J., Wang, F.L. (eds.) Blended Learning, pp. 296–307. Pearson, London (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ma, W.W.K., Chan, Y.: Student Journalist Acceptance on Collaborative Writing Wikis. In: Khosrow-Pour, M. (ed.) IRMA 2008 and published in the Proceedings of Information Resources Management Association International Conference. IGI Publishing, Vancouver (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Raman, M.: Knowledge Management for Emergency Preparedness: An Action Research Study, p. 300. The Claremont Graduate University (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bulik, B.S.: Media Morph: Digg.com. Advertising Age 77, 19 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Oser, K., Kerwin, A.M.: Media Morph: Wiki. Advertising Age 76, 38 (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dorroh, J.: Wiki: Don’t Lost That Number. American Journalism Review 27, 50–51 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ward, M.: Journalism Online. Focal Press, Oxford (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pogner, K.-H.: Writing and Interacting in the Discourse Community of Engineering. Journal of Pragmatics 35, 855–867 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Roundy, N., Thralls, C.: Modeling the Communication Context: A Procedure for Revision and Evaluation in Business Writing. Journal of Business Communication 20, 27–46 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jacobs, G., Opdenacker, L., Van Waes, L.: A Multilanguage Online Writing Center for Professional Communication: Development and Testing. Business Communication Quarterly 68, 8–22 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Villamil, O.S., Guerrero, M.C.M.d.: Peer Revision in the L2 Classroom: Social-cognitive Activities, Mediating Strategies, and Aspects of Social Behavior. Journal of Second Language Writing 5, 51–75 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lomangino, A.G., Nicholson, J., Sulzby, E.: The Influence of Power Relations and Social Goals on Children’s Collaborative Interactions While Composing on Computer. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 14, 197–228 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Deuze, M.: Global Journalism Education: A Conceptual Approach. Journalism Studies 7, 19–34 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kovach, B., Rosenstiel, T.: The Elements of Journalism: What Newspeople Should Know and the Public Should Expect. Three Rivers Press, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kozma, R.B.: Learning with Media. Review of Educational Research 61, 179–221 (1991)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Festinger, L.: Informal Social Communication. Psychological Review 57, 271-282 (1950)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mansour, B.E., Mupinga, D.M.: Students’ positive and negative experiences in hybrid and online classes. College Student Journal 41, 242–248 (2007)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Allan, J., Lawless, N.: Stress caused by on-line collaboration in e-learning: A developing model. Education + Training 45, 564–572 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Conrad, D.L.: Building and maintaining community in cohort-based online learning. Journal of Distance Education 20, 1–20 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Will Wai Kit Ma
    • 1
  • Allan Hoi Kau Yuen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Journalism & CommunicationHong Kong Shue Yan UniveristyHong Kong SARChina
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationThe University of Hong Kong, PokfulamHong Kong SARChina

Personalised recommendations