Applying a Cellular Automata Method for the Study of Transport and Deposition of Volcanic Particles

  • Kae Tsunematsu
  • Jean-Luc Falcone
  • Costanza Bonadonna
  • Bastien Chopard
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5191)


Forecast of volcanic particle dispersal is important for studies of risk assessment. We are interested in simulating a full tephra transport system taking into account turbulent flows and particle aggregation using cellular automata (CA). In this preliminary research, we apply a probabilistic transport CA to our problem. Results show good agreement with field data, indicating that CA are adequate to simulate tephra transport.


Cellular Automaton Grain Size Distribution Cellular Automaton Terminal Velocity Cellular Automaton Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bonadonna, C., Phillips, J., Houghton, B.F.: Modeling tephra sedimentation from a Ruapehu weak plume eruption. J. Geophys. Res. 110(B8), 1–22 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Woods, A.W.: The fluid dynamics and thermodynamics of plinian eruption columns. Bull Volcanol. 50, 169–193 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sparks, R.S.J., Wilson, L., Sigurdsson, H.: The pyroclastic deposites of the 1875 eruption of Askja, iceland. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 229, 241–273 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carey, S.N., Sigurdsson, H.: Influence of particle aggregation on deposition of distal tephra from the may 18, 1980, eruption of mount st. helens volcano. J. Geophys. Res. 87(B8), 7061–7072 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bursik, M.I., Sparks, R.S.J., Gilbert, J.S., Carey, S.N.: Sedimentation of tephra by volcanic plumes: I. theory and its comparison with a study of the fogo a plinian deposit, sao miguel (azores). Bull Volcanol. 54, 329–344 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bonadonna, C., Ernst, G.J., Sparks, R.S.J.: Thickness variations and volume estimates of tephra fall deposits: the importance of particle reynolds number. J. Volcanol Geotherm Res. 81, 173–187 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Suzuki, T.: A theoretical model for dispersion of tephra. In: Arc Volcanism, Physics and Tectonics. Terra Sci. Tokyo, pp. 95–113 (1983)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bonadonna, C., Phillips, J.: Sedimentation from strong volcanic plumes. J. Geophys. Res. 108(B7), 2340–2368 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bonadonna, C., Connor, C.B., Houghton, B.F., Connor, L., Byrne, M., Laing, A., Hincks, T.K.: Probabilistic modeling of tephra dispersal: Hazard assessment of a multiphase rhyolitic eruption at tarawera, new zealand. J. Geophys. Res. 110(B03203) (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chopard, B., Droz, M.: Cellular Automata Modeling of Physical Systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1998)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Masselot, A., Chopard, B.: A lattice boltzmann model for particle transport and deposition. Europhys. Lett. 42, 259–264 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dupuis, A., Chopard, B.: Lattice gas modeling of scour formation under submarine pipelines. J. Comput. Phys. 178(1), 161–174 (2002)zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hoekstra, A., Lorenz, E., Falcone, J.L., Chopard, B.: Towards a complex automata formalism for multuscale modeling. Int. J. Multiscale Computational Engineering 5(6), 491–502 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kae Tsunematsu
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Falcone
    • 2
  • Costanza Bonadonna
    • 1
  • Bastien Chopard
    • 2
  1. 1.Section de Sciences de la TerraUniversity of GenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of GenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations