Environmental Impacts of Pillar I and II with Specific Respect to Designated Areas – Results from the MEA-Scope Case Study in Germany

  • Claudia Sattler
  • Sandra Uthes
  • Uwe Heinrich
Chapter

Abstract

Impact assessment is a procedure that goes along with the preparation of policies and is a key instrument to support political decision-making. An environmental impact assessment (EIA) focuses on the likely environmental effects of a policy option. Of specific interest in this context are effects with respect to environmentally sensitive areas such as Natura 2000 areas. This chapter presents an indicator-based modelling approach for the assessment of environmental impacts of alternative policy scenarios with varying policy settings of pillar I and II of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The application of the modelling approach is presented for a case study region in North Eastern Germany. Results show that decoupling of direct payments leads to a trend towards intensification on arable land, which is associated with negative impacts for most of the analysed environmental indicators. On the contrary, on grassland an extensification takes place, which is beneficial for most of the indicators and can be seen as an effect of cross compliance regulations in pillar II and reduced livestock numbers. In the analysed liberalisation scenarios an intensifycation on both land cover types, arable land and grassland, can be observed. A large extent of agricultural land is abandoned and land use of the land remaining in agricultural production is intensified. This effect gets even more pronounced if pillar II measures are ceased.

Keywords

environmental impact assessment designated areas modelling policy scenario analysis CAP pillar I and II 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Sattler
    • 1
  • Sandra Uthes
    • 1
  • Uwe Heinrich
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Socio-EconomicsLeibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)MünchebergGermany
  2. 2.Department of Landscape Information SystemsLeibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)MünchebergGermany

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