Advertisement

The A&A Programming Model and Technology for Developing Agent Environments in MAS

  • Alessandro Ricci
  • Mirko Viroli
  • Andrea Omicini
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4908)

Abstract

In human society, almost any cooperative working context accounts for different kinds of object, tool, artifact in general, that humans adopt, share and intelligently exploit so as to support their working activities, in particular social ones. According to theories in human sciences, such entities have a key role in determining the success or failure of the activities, playing an essential function in simplifying complex tasks and—more generally—in designing solutions that scale with activity complexity. Analogously to the human case, we claim that also (cognitive) multi-agent systems (MAS) could greatly benefit from the definition and systematic exploitation of a suitable notion of working environment, composed by different sorts of artifacts, dynamically constructed, shared and used by agents to support their working activities. Along this line, in this paper we introduce and discuss a programming model called A&A (Agents and Artifacts), which aims at directly modelling and engineering such aspects in the context of cognitive MAS. Besides the conceptual framework, we present the current state of prototyping technologies implementing A&A principles—CARTAGO platform in particular—, and show how they can be integrated with existing cognitive MAS programming frameworks, adopting the Jason programming platform as the reference case.

Keywords

Multiagent System Observable State Mutual Exclusion Observable Property Computer Support Cooperative Work 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Agre, P., Horswill, I.: Lifeworld analysis. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Reserach 6, 111–145 (1997)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Amant, R.S., Wood, A.B.: Tool use for autonomous agents. In: Veloso, M.M., Kambhampati, S. (eds.) AAAI/IAAI 2005 Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, July 9–13, 2005, pp. 184–189. AAAI Press / The MIT Press (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bordini, R., Braubach, L., Dastani, M., Seghrouchni, A.E.F., Gomez-Sanz, J., Leite, J., O’Hare, G., Pokahr, A., Ricci, A.: A survey of programming languages and platforms for multi-agent systems. Informatica 30, 33–44 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bordini, R.H., Hübner, J.F.: BDI agent programming in AgentSpeak using Jason. In: Toni, F., Torroni, P. (eds.) CLIMA 2005. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3900, pp. 143–164. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kirsh, D.: The intelligent use of space. Artif. Intell. 73(1-2), 31–68 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kirsh, D.: Distributed cognition, coordination and environment design. In: European conference on Cognitive Science, pp. 1–11 (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nardi, B.A.: Context and Consciousness: Activity Theory and Human-Computer Interaction. MIT Press, Cambridge (1996)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Norman, D.: Cognitive artifacts. In: Carroll, J. (ed.) Designing interaction: Psychology at the human–computer interface, pp. 17–38. Cambridge University Press, New York (1991)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Omicini, A., Ricci, A., Viroli, M.: Agens Faber: Toward a theory of artefacts for MAS. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Sciences 150(3), 21–36 (May 29, 2006), In: Proceedings of 1st International Workshop Coordination and Organization (CoOrg 2005), COORDINATION 2005, Namur, Belgium, (April 22, 2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Omicini, A., Ricci, A., Viroli, M., Castelfranchi, C., Tummolini, L.: Coordination artifacts: Environment-based coordination for intelligent agents. In: AAMAS 2004, vol. 1, pp. 286–293. ACM, New York (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ricci, A., Viroli, M., Omicini, A.: Programming MAS with Artifacts. In: Bordini, R.H., Dastani, M., Dix, J., Seghrouchni, A.E.F. (eds.) PROMAS 2005. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3862, pp. 206–221. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ricci, A., Viroli, M., Omicini, A.: CArtAgO: A framework for prototyping artifact-based environments in MAS. In: Weyns, D., Van Dyke Parunak, H., Michel, F. (eds.) E4MAS 2006. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 4389, pp. 67–86. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schmidt, K., Simone, C.: Coordination mechanisms: Towards a conceptual foundation of CSCW systems design. Computer Supported Cooperative Work 5(2/3), 155–200 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Viroli, M., Holvoet, T., Ricci, A., Schelfthout, K., Zambonelli, F.: Infrastructures for the environment of multiagent systems. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 14(1), 49–60 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Viroli, M., Omicini, A., Ricci, A.: Infrastructure for RBAC-MAS: An approach based on Agent Coordination Contexts. Applied Artificial Intelligence 21(4–5), 443–467 (April 2007) Special Issue: State of Applications in AI Research from AI*IA 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weyns, D., Parunak, H.V.D. (eds.): Journal of Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. Special Issue: Environment for Multi-Agent Systems 14(1) (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Ricci
    • 1
  • Mirko Viroli
    • 1
  • Andrea Omicini
    • 1
  1. 1.DEISAlma Mater Studiorum – Università di BolognaCesenaItaly

Personalised recommendations