Security/Efficiency Tradeoffs for Permutation-Based Hashing
- Cite this paper as:
- Rogaway P., Steinberger J. (2008) Security/Efficiency Tradeoffs for Permutation-Based Hashing. In: Smart N. (eds) Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2008. EUROCRYPT 2008. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4965. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
We provide attacks and analysis that capture a tradeoff, in the ideal-permutation model, between the speed of a permutation-based hash function and its potential security. We show that any 2n-bit to n-bit compression function will have unacceptable collision resistance it makes fewer than three n-bit permutation invocations, and any 3n-bit to 2n-bit compression function will have unacceptable security if it makes fewer than five n-bit permutation invocations. Any rate-α hash function built from n-bit permutations can be broken, in the sense of finding preimages as well as collisions, in about N1 − α queries, where N = 2n. Our results provide guidance when trying to design or analyze a permutation-based hash function about the limits of what can possibly be done.