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Process Automation

  • Thomas F. EdgarEmail author
  • Juergen HahnEmail author
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)

Abstract

The field of process automation is concerned with the analysis of dynamic behavior of chemical processes, design of automatic controllers, and associated instrumentations. Process automation as practised in the process industries has undergone significant changes since it was first introduced in the 1940s. Perhaps the most significant influence on the changes in process control technology has been the introduction of inexpensive digital computers and instruments with greater capabilities than their analog predecessors. During the past 20 years automatic control has assumed increased importance in the process industries, which has led to the application of more sophisticated techniques.

Keywords

Control Valve Model Predictive Control International Standard Organization Control System Design Process Analytical Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ADC

analog-to-digital converter

BPCS

basic process control system

CV

controlled variables

DAC

digital-to-analog converter

DCS

distributed control system

DCS

disturbance control standard

DMC

dynamic matrix control

DV

disturbance variables

ESD

electronic software delivery

ESD

emergency shutdown

FDA

US Food and Drug Administration

GUI

graphic user interface

I/O

input/output

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISO

independent system operator

ISP

internet service provider

LSL

low-level switch

MIMO

multi-input multi-output

MPC

model-based predictive control

MV

manipulated variables

PAT

process analytical technology

PI

proportional–integral

PID

proportional, integral, and derivative

PSH

high-pressure switch

RTO

real-time optimization

RTO

regional transmission organization

SIS

safety interlock system

SISO

single-input single-output

WIP

work-in-progress

fab

fabrication plant

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  2. 2.Artie McFerrin Dept. of Chemical EngineeringTexas A& M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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