The incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing over recent years and cancer of the lower gastrointestinal tract is a leading cause of cancer related death. Screening with Faecal Occult Blood Testing and invasive testing with colonoscopy could allow for early diagnosis of this condition. This chapter discusses indications for surveillance as well as therapeutic options and surgical interventions for the care of patients suffering from colorectal cancer. Multidisciplinary cancer treatment teams should be established to help with the planning and coordination of treatment.
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