Advertisement

Development of a Conceptual Reference Framework to Manage Manufacturing Knowledge Related to Products, Processes and Production Systems

  • Marcello Colledani
  • Walter Terkaj
  • Tullio Tolio
  • Maurizio Tomasella

Abstract

The present work proposes a conceptual reference framework for the integrated modeling of product, production process and system data. The framework is flexible (easily adaptable to different production contexts), extendible and scalable (in terms of levels of details) and integrated (products, processes and systems are all considered and described). The framework has been developed as an object-oriented model by means of the UML (Unified Modeling Language) defacto standard. In particular, the class diagram of this UML model, representing the core portion of the framework, is described in detail. The conceptual reference framework was developed to support both researchers and industrialists – in different manufacturing domains – in the modeling activities behind their problem solving methodologies, also aiding them in exactly modeling the information they need. The basic idea behind the work is that a more effective use of the heterogeneous decision support methods, normally employed at the different enterprise levels, can be obtained if these methods are based a common conceptual model. The first two applications of the proposed reference framework are also described in the final sections.

Keywords

Manufacture System Modeling Language Flexible Manufacture System Class Diagram Automate Guide Vehicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Papadopoulos HT, Heavey C, Browne J (1993) Queueing theory in Manufacturing Systems Analysis and Design. Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Buzacott JA, Shantikumar JG (1993) Stochastic Models of Manufacturing Systems, Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dallery Y, Gershwin SB (1992) Manufacturing Flow Line Systems: A Review of Models and Analytical Results. Queueing Systems Theory and Applications, Special Issue on Queueing Models of Manufacturing Systems 12:3–94.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Colledani M, Tolio T (2005) A Decomposition Method to Support the Configuration/Reconfiguration of Production Systems. Annals of the CIRP 54/1: 441–445.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Terkaj W, Tolio W (2006) A Stochastic approach to the FMS Loading Problem. CIRP J. of Manufacturing Systems 35:481–490.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bley H, Wuttke CC (1997) Distributed Simulation Applied to Production Systems. Annals of the CIRP 46/1:361–364Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Toma S, Tolio T, Semeraro Q, Grieco A (1995) Simulation of tool and part flow in FMSs. Int. J. of Production Research 33:643–658.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alwan LC (2000) Statistical Process Analysis. McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Montgomery DC (2000) Design and Analysis of Experiments. John Wiley.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Casati F, Pernici B (2001) Linguaggi per la modellazione dei processi aziendali. In: Batini C, Pernici B, Santucci G (eds) Sistemi informativi. Vol. II: Modelli e progettazione. Franco Angeli.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Matta A, Tolio T, Tomasella M, Zanchi P (2004) A detailed UML model for general flexible manufacturing systems. Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Seminar on Intelligent Computation in Manufacturing Engineering CIRP ICME ‘04. June 30th–July 2nd, 2004, Sorrento, Italy, 113–118.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bruccoleri M, Noto La Diega S, Perrone G (2003) An Object-Oriented approach for flexible manufacturing system control system analysis and design using unified modeling language. Int. J. of Flexible Manufacturing Systems 15:195–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Park TY, Han KH, Choi BK (1997) An object-oriented modelling framework for automated manufacturing system. Int. J. of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 10/5:324–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kellert P, Tchernev N, Force C (1997) Object-oriented methodology for FMS modeling and simulation. Int. J. of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 10:404–434.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu CM, Chien CF, Ho IY (1998) An object-oriented analysis and design method for shop floor control systems design method. Int. J. of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 11:379–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Booch G, Jacobson I, Rumbaugh J (2004) The Unified Modelling Language Reference Manual, Second Edition. The Addison-Wesley Object Technology Series.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Van Brussel H, Valckenaers P, Bongaerts L, Wyns J (1995) Architectural and System Design issues in Holonic Manufacturing Systems. Pre-prints of IMS‘95, IFAC workshop, Bucharest, Romania, October 1995.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Van Brussel H, Wyns J, Valckenaers P, Bongaerts L, Peeters P (1998) Reference Architecture for Holonic Manufacturing Systems: PROSA. Computers In Industry, Special Issue on Intelligent Manufacturing Systems 37:255–274.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Narayanan S, Bodner DA, Sreekanth U, Govindaraj T,McGinnis LF, Mitchell CM (1998) Research in object-oriented manufacturing simulations: an assessment of the state of the art. IIE Transactions 30(9):795–810.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    http://www.species.polimi.it/downs/SPECIES_MCM.pdf.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Krause FL, Kimura F, Kjellberg T, Lu SCY (1993) Product Modelling. Annals of the CIRP 42/2:695–706.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bufardi A, Kiritsis D, Xirouchakis P (2003) Research issues on product lifecycle management and information tracking using smart embedded systems. Advanced Engineering Informatics 17:189–202.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    http://www.mel.nist.gov/psl/.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    http://www.step-nc.org/.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kimura F (1993) Product and Process Modelling as a Kernel for Virtual Manufacturing Environment. Annals of the CIRP 42/1:147–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Thibault A, Siadat A, Bigot R, Martin P (2006) Method for Integrated Design Using a Knowledge Formalization. Proceedings of 3rd Conference on Digital Enterprise Technology, Setubal, Portugal, September 18th–20th 2006.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    López-Ortega O, Moramay R (2005) A STEP-based manufacturing information system to share flexible manufacturing resources data. J. of Intelligent Manufacturing 16:287–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lin HK, Harding JA, Shahbaz M (2004) Manufacturing System Engineering Ontology for Semantic Interoperability Across Extended Project Teams. Int. J. of Production Research 42:5099–5118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Harding JA, Popplewell K, Cook D (2003) A Manufacturing System Engineering Moderator: An Aid for Multi-discipline project teams. Int. J. of Production Research 41:1973–1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bernard A, Labrousse M, Perry N (2006) LC universal model for the enterprise information system structure. In: Brissaud D, Tichkiewitch S, Zwolinski P (eds) Innovation in Life Cycle Engineering and Sustainable Development, Springer 429–446.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhao J, Cheung WM, Young RIM, Bell R (1999) An Object Oriented Manufacturing Data Model for a Global Enterprise. Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Production Engineering (CAPE‘99), Durham, UK, April 19th–21st 1999 582–588.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Fox MS, Gruninger M (1997) On Ontologies and Enterprise Modelling. International Conference on Enterprise Integration Modelling Technology ‘97, Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kosanke K, Vernadat F, Zelm M (1999) CIMOSA: enterprise engineering and integration. Computers in Industry 40:83–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zimmermann JU (2005) Informational Integration of Product Development Software in the Automotive Industry – The ULEO Approach. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Twente.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Rumbaugh J (1991) Object-Oriented Modeling and Design. Prentice HallGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Fowler M (2003) UML Distilled: A brief guide to the Standard Object Modelling Language, Third edition. Addison-Wesley Professional.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Alting L (1994) Manufacturing Engineering Processes. Marcel Dekker Inc.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcello Colledani
    • 1
  • Walter Terkaj
    • 1
  • Tullio Tolio
    • 1
  • Maurizio Tomasella
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di MeccanicaPolitecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

Personalised recommendations