Communication can be accounted for in game-theoretic terms. The meaning game is proposed to formalize intentional communication in which the sender sends a message and the receiver attempts to infer its intended meaning. Using large Japanese and English corpora, the present paper demonstrates that centering theory is derived from a meaning game. This suggests that there are no language-specific rules on referential coherence. More generally speaking, language use seems to employ Pareto-optimal ESSs (evolutionarily stable strategies) of potentially very complex meaning games. There is still much to do before this complexity is elucidated in scientific terms, but game theory provides statistical and analytic means by which to advance the study on semantics and pragmatics of natural languages and other communication modalities.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.Grice, H.P.: Utterer’s meaning and intentions. Philosophical Review 68(2), 147–177Google Scholar
- 5.Hasida, K., Nagao, K., Miyata, T.: A Game-Theoretic Account of Collaboration in Communication. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Multi-Agent Systems, pp. 140–147 (1995)Google Scholar
- 6.Hasida, K.: Issues in Communication Game. In: Proceedings of COLING 1996, pp. 531–536 (1996)Google Scholar
- 7.Grosz, B., Joshi, A., Weinstein, S.: Centering: A Framework for Modeling the Local Coherence of Discourse. Computational Linguistics 21(2), 203–225 (1995)Google Scholar
- 11.Barwise, J., Perry, J.: Situations and Attitudes. The MIT Press, Cambridge (1983)Google Scholar
- 12.Parikh, P.: Situations, games, and ambiguity. In: Kukai, K., Perry, J. (eds.) Situation Theory and Its Applications, I, CSLI Publications, Stanford (1990)Google Scholar
- 13.Parikh, P.: The Use of Language. CSLI Publications, Stanford, California (2001)Google Scholar
- 14.Walker, M., Iida, M., Cote, S.: Japanese Discourse and the Process of Centering. Computational Linguistics 20(2), 193–232 (1994)Google Scholar
- 17.Shiramatsu, S., et al.: Meaning-Game-based Centering Model with Statistical Definition of Utility of Referential Expression and Its Verification Using Japanese and English Corpora. In: Branco, A. (ed.) DAARC 2007. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 4410, pp. 121–126. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
- 18.Shiramatsu, S., et al.: A Game-Theoretic Model of Referential Coherence and Its Statistical Verification Based on Large Japanese and English Corpora. Journal of Natural Language Processing 14(5), 199–239 (2007)Google Scholar
- 19.Hasida, K.: Global Document Annotation (GDA) (1998), http://-content.org/GDA