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Global Lineaments: Application of Digital Terrain Modelling

  • Igor V. FLORINSKY
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

In the past few decades, there have been proposals suggesting that hidden global linear (helical) structures exist, which are tectonically and topographically expressed. In this study, this hypothesis was checked using digital terrain modelling. The study was based on a 30 arc-minute gridded global digital elevation model. Eighteen topographic variables were for the first time calculated and mapped for the entire surface of the Earth. Digital terrain analysis provided support for the existence of global lineaments: on maps of specific catchment area, it was possible to detect five mutually symmetrical pairs of helical structures encircling the Earth from pole to pole. The structures are topographically expressed by patterns of the global ridge network. They are apparently associated with traces of the torsional deformation of the planet: two double helices are in reasonable agreement with theoretically predicted traces of shear fractures, while another two double helices are in reasonable agreement with ideal traces of cleavage cracks. Geological phenomena observed along the structures are discussed (i.e. fracturing, faults, crystal, and ore deposits). It is probable that double helices are relict structures similar to a planetary network of helical lineaments on Venus

Keywords

tectonics geological structure catchment area helix planet 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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  • Igor V. FLORINSKY

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