On Building a Full-Text Digital Library of Historical Documents

  • Szu-Pei Chen
  • Jieh Hsiang
  • Hsieh-Chang Tu
  • Micha Wu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4822)


The National Taiwan University Library has built a digital library of historical documents about Taiwan. The content is unique in that it covers about 80% of all primary Chinese historical materials about Taiwan before 1895, and that they are all available in searchable full text, in addition to metadata. To make these materials more accessible to the research community, we have developed, in addition to full-text search and retrieval, a concept of regarding the set of documents retrieved by a query as a sub-collection, and have designed post-query classification methods to help users find the inter-relationships among documents and the collective meaning of a sub-collection. We have also developed techniques for term extraction for old Chinese and a data format for representing governmental structures. We hope that our system will help advance research in Taiwanese history, and will set a model for other similar endeavor.


Historical documents digital library Taiwan classification of query results 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Chang, S.P.: A Word-Clip Algorithm for Named Entity Recognition: by Example of Historical Documents. Master Thesis, National Taiwan University, Taiwan (in Chinese) (2006) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chiu, W.J.: The Digital Project of Taiwan-Related Archives in Ming and Qing Dynasty. The Library Yearbook of ROC 2006. National Central Library, Taiwan, 128–129 (in Chinese) (2006) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Dai, Y.H.: Preliminary Remarks on Putting in Order the Qing Danxin Archives. Taipei Cultural Relics (in Chinese) (1953)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Allee, M.: Law and Local Society in Late Imperial China: Northern Taiwan in the Nineteenth Century. Stanford University Press (1994) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wu, M.C., Ang, K.I., Lee, W.L., Lin, H.Y.: A Brief Introduction to the Integrated Collections of Taiwan-related Historical Records. CCA and Yuan-Liou Publishing, Taiwan (in Chinese) (2005) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hong, L.W.: A Study of Aboriginal Contractual Behavior and the Relationship between Aborigines and Han Immigrants in West-Central Taiwan, vol. 1. Taichung County Cultural Center, Taiwan 5 (in Chinese) (2002) Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pan, C.W. (ed.): Taiwan Geography and History, Taiwan Provincial Literature Committee, Taiwan 9(1) (in Chinese) (1980) Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chang, J.T.: Model and Implementation for Representing Governmental Structures and Officials. Master Thesis, National Taiwan University, Taiwan (in Chinese) (2007) Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chien, L.F.: PAT-Tree-Based Keyword Extraction for Chinese Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of 1997 ACM SIGIR Conference (SIGIR 1997), Philadelphia, USA, pp. 50–58 (1997) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen, H.H., Lee, J.C.: Identification and Classification of Proper Nouns in Chinese Texts. In: Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 222–229 (1996) Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reddy, R., StClair, G.: The Million Book Digital Library Project (2001),
  14. 14.
    National Digital Archives Program (2007),

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Szu-Pei Chen
    • 1
  • Jieh Hsiang
    • 1
  • Hsieh-Chang Tu
    • 1
  • Micha Wu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering 
  2. 2.Department of History, National Taiwan University, TaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations