Advertisement

PEDOT:PSS-Based Electrochemical Transistors for Ion-to-Electron Transduction and Sensor Signal Amplification

  • M. Berggren
  • R. Forchheimer
  • J. Bobacka
  • P. -O. Svensson
  • D. Nilsson
  • O. Larsson
  • A. Ivaska
Part of the Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 107)

The chapter reports the use of organic electrochemical transistors in sensor applications. These transistors are excellent ion-to-electron transducers and can serve as very sensitive transducers in amperometric sensor applications. To further improve their sensitivity, we outline various amplification circuits all realized in organic electrochemical transistors.

Keywords

Gate Voltage Sulfonic Acid Group Ring Oscillator Gate Electrode Transistor Channel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Q. Pei, G. Zuccarello, M. Ahlskog, O. Inganäs, Polymer 35, 1347 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B.D. Reeves, B.C. Thompson, K.A. Abboud, B.E. Smart, J.R. Reynolds, Adv. Mater. 14, 717 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Sun, G. Wang, L. Feng, B. Liu, Y. Ma, L. Jiang, D. Zhu, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43, 357 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Isaksson, C. Tengstedt, M. Fahlman, N. Robinson, M. Berggren, Adv. Mater. 16, 316 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. Smela, Adv. Mater. 15, 481 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.M. Musiani, Electrochim. Acta 35, 1665 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Deslouis, T. El Moustafid, M.M. Musiani, B. Tribollet, Electrochim. Acta 41, 1343 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.S. White, G.P. Kittlesen, M.S. Wrighton, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 106, 5375 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Huang, M.S. Wrighton, Anal. Chem. 65, 2740 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. Rani, K.S.V. Santhanam, J. Solid State Electrochem 2, 99 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Saxena, V. Shirodkar, R. Prakash, J. Solid State Electrochem 4, 231 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.W. Thackeray, H.S. White, M.S. Wrighton, J. Phys. Chem. 89, 5133 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.G.S. Nikolai, P. Gaponik, A.I. Kulak, D.V. Sviridov, Mendeleev Communications Electronic Version, 47 (1997)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Andersson, D. Nilsson, P.-O. Svensson, M. Chen, A. Malmstrom, T. Remonen, T. Kugler, M. Berggren, Adv. Mater. 14, 1460 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Berggren, D. Nilsson, N.D. Robinson, Nat. Mater. 6, 3 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Yoshioka, G.E. Jabbour, Adv. Mater. 18, 1307 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Tehrani, N.D. Robinson, T. Kugler, T. Remonen, L.-O. Hennerdal, J. Hall, A. Malmstrom, L. Leenders, M. Berggren, Smart Mater. Struct. 14, 21 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Z.-T. Zhu, J.T. Mabeck, C. Zhu, N.C. Cady, C.A. Batt, G.G. Malliaras, Chem. Commun. 13, 1556 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D.A. Bernards, G.G. Malliaras, G.E.S. Toombes, S.M. Gruner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 53505 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Norby, Solid State Ionics 125, 1 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Lehmani, P. Turq, M. Perie, J. Perie, J.-P. Simonin, J. Electroanal. Chem. 428, 81 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    F. Opekar, K. Tulík, Analytica Chimica Acta 385, 151 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Nilsson, M. Chen, T. Kugler, T. Remonen, M. Armgarth, M. Berggren, Adv. Mater. 14, 51 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. Bakker, P. Bühlmann, E. Pretsch, Chem. Rev. 97, 3083 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Bühlmann, E. Pretsch, E. Bakker, Chem. Rev. 98, 1593 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Sokalski, A. Ceresa, T. Zwickl, E. Pretsch, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 11347 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. Pretsch, Trends Anal. Chem. 26, 46 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Cadogan, Z. Gao, A. Lewenstam, A. Ivaska, D. Diamond, Anal. Chem. 64, 2496 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Bobacka, Anal. Chem. 71, 4932 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Bobacka, A. Ivaska, A. Lewenstam, Electroanalysis 15, 366 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Bobacka, Electroanalysis 18, 7 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    SPICE: A Guide to Circuit Analysis using Spice, P. Tuinega, 3rd edn. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1995), ISBN 0-13-158775-7Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    D. Nilsson, N. Robinson, M. Berggren, R. Forchheimer, Adv. Mater. 17, 353 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Berggren
    • 1
  • R. Forchheimer
    • 2
  • J. Bobacka
    • 3
  • P. -O. Svensson
    • 1
  • D. Nilsson
    • 4
  • O. Larsson
    • 1
  • A. Ivaska
    • 3
  1. 1.Organic ElectronicsLinköpings UniversitetSweden
  2. 2.Image CodingLinköpings UniversitetSweden
  3. 3.Laboratory of Analytical ChemistryProcess Chemistry CentreFinland
  4. 4.Acreo ABSweden

Personalised recommendations