Globalization from Below: Social Movements and Altermundism — Reconceptualizing Security from a Latin American Perspective

  • Úrsula Oswald Spring
Part of the Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace book series (HSHES, volume 3)


This chapter analyses the rise of social movements with a special emphasis on Latin America, in response to the ongoing process of exclusive (Stiglitz 2002; Salazar 2003), named also regressive globalization (Kaldor/Anheier/Glasius 2003) or globalization of organized violence (Held/Mc Grew 2007). As a result, more than three billion persons, mostly in Third World countries, are living in poverty, lacking basic services, with poor health conditions and few opportunities for dignified jobs and a reduced future. With a greater integration into the world market the gap within and among the countries is growing, above all in Africa and Latin America.


Civil Society Fair Trade Social Movement United Nations World Trade Organ 
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    See in: The Economist, 26 March 2005.Google Scholar
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    See: Forbes Billionaires List, 2007: “Review of the world’s billionaires according to the Forbes business magazine”; at: < news/rich-list/richest-people-2007.htm>.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Úrsula Oswald Spring
    • 1
  1. 1.CuernavacaMéxico

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