Security in Hinduism and Buddhism
In Indian traditions there is no equivalent for the concept of security in the modern sense of the term. However, the background of the Western concept in Latin tradition calls for a significant distinction to be made. On the one hand there is securitas as a concept that is concerned with provisions being made for encountering the ambiguities and contingencies of life, on the other hand there is certitudo as a result of convictions and experiences which provide a firm position for cognitive, emotional, as well as social stability over against and in face of the changing experiences in time. Both concepts influence each other as aspects of a wider framework in which humans look for stability and/or security in view of the unexpected and unwanted. Thus, security is a value as well as a strategy for individual as well as social action. As such it is dependent on mental dispositions (expectations, wishes, fears, avoidance, etc.), which again are culturally conditioned. Individual and social security as well as emotional, cognitive, and political aspects of the problem are deeply interwoven. In other words: the term and concept of security is historically conditioned in most complex ways.
KeywordsIndian Tradition Mental Disposition Cosmic Order Moral Realm Universal Order
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