Does Secure Time-Stamping Imply Collision-Free Hash Functions?

  • Ahto Buldas
  • Aivo Jürgenson
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-75670-5_9

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4784)
Cite this paper as:
Buldas A., Jürgenson A. (2007) Does Secure Time-Stamping Imply Collision-Free Hash Functions?. In: Susilo W., Liu J.K., Mu Y. (eds) Provable Security. ProvSec 2007. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4784. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg


We prove that there are no black-box reductions from Collision-Free Hash Functions to secure time-stamping schemes, which means that in principle secure time-stamping schemes may exist even if there exist no collision-resistant hash functions. We show that there is an oracle relative to which there exist secure time-stamping schemes but no hash function is collision-free. The oracle we use is not new — a similar idea was already used by Simon in 1998 to show that collision-free hash functions cannot be constructed from one-way permutations in a black-box way. Our oracle contains a random hash function family f and a universal collision-finder A. We show that hash-tree time-stamping schemes that use f as a hash function remain secure even in the presence of A. From more practical view, our result is an implicit confirmation that collision-finding attacks against hash functions will tell us quite little about the security of hash-tree time-stamping schemes and that we need more dedicated research about back-dating attacks against practical hash functions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahto Buldas
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aivo Jürgenson
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Cybernetica, Akadeemia tee 21, 12618 TallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Tallinn University of Technology, Raja 15, 12618 TallinnEstonia
  3. 3.University of Tartu, Liivi 2, 50409 TartuEstonia
  4. 4.Elion Enterprises Ltd, Endla 16, 15033 TallinnEstonia

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