Genetic and Epigenetic Nature of Transgenerational Changes in Pathogen Exposed Plants

  • Alex Boyko
  • Igor KovalchukEmail author
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 15)

Adverse environmental conditions named stresses are constantly shaping genomes of living organisms. Most of these external stimuli have a negative influence on growth, development, and reproduction (Arnholdt-Schmitt 2004; Madlung and Comai 2004). Avoidance represents the most common response to severe or long lasting environmental conditions. The organisms with a sedentary life style are unable to escape stress, and thus utilize mechanisms of tolerance and resistance. Plants integrate into the environment through the efficient use of adaptation mechanisms that depends on the constant exchange of signaling molecules (reviewed in Cronk 2001).


Methylation Pattern Tobacco Mosaic Virus Systemic Acquire Resistance Curr Opin Plant Biol Small Regulatory RNAs 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

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