Arid Dune Ecosystems pp 377-383

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 200) | Cite as

Standing Biomass and its Modelling

  • M. Veste
  • C. Sommer
  • S. -W. Breckle
  • T. Littmann

The sand dunes of the north-western Negev are characterized by a small-scale vegetation pattern (cf. Chap. 8, this volume). Aim of this investigation is to distinguish the standing biomass in the major ecotopes resulting from long-term ecological processes controlling ecotope pattern. Furthermore, we will present a simple numerical approach for modelling the actual standing biomass distribution in the sand dune mosaic.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Esser U (1989) Zum Stickstoff-Haushalt arider Hangökosysteme im nördlichen Negev-Hochland, Israel und den Auswirkungen der “Hang-Minicatchment-Technologie” auf Stickstoffumsätze und -vorräte. Arbeitsber Lehrstuhl Landschaftsökologie Münster 9Google Scholar
  2. Evenari M, Schulze E-D, Lange OL, Kappen L, Buschbom U (1976) Plant production in arid and semi-arid areas. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, Ecological Studies 19, pp 19–35Google Scholar
  3. Kutiel P, Lavee H (1999) Effect of slope aspects on soil and vegetation properties along an aridity transect. Israel J Plant Sci 47:169–178Google Scholar
  4. Littmann T, Veste M (2005) Modelling spatial pattern of vegetation in desert sand dunes. Forestry Stud China 7(4):24–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Littmann T, Hering E, Koch S (2000) What happens to rainfall at the desert margin? Water infiltration experiments in a sandy arid area. Hallesches Jahrb Geowiss 22:49–58Google Scholar
  6. Shmida A (1985) Biogeography of desert flora. Ecosystems of the World, vol 12A. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  7. Sommer C (1996) Untersuchungen zur oberirdischen Biomasse der perennen Pflanzenarten verschiedener Ökosystemeinheiten in einem Längsdünensystem bei Nizzana, Israel. Diploma Thesis, Department of Ecology, University of BielefeldGoogle Scholar
  8. Veste M, Breckle SW (2000) Ionen- und Wasserhaushalt von Anabasis articulata in Sanddünen der nördlichen Negev-Sinai-Wüste. In: Breckle SW, Schweizer B, Arndt U (Hrsg) Ergebnisse weltweiter ökologischer Forschung. Günter Heimbach, Stuttgart, pp 481–485Google Scholar
  9. Walter H (1939) Grasland, Savanne und Busch der ariden Teilen Afrikas in ihrer ökologischen Bedingtheit. Jahrb Wiss Bot 87:750–860Google Scholar
  10. Yair A (1994) The ambiguous impact of climate change at a desert fringe: northern Negev. In: Millington AC, Pye K (eds) Environmental change in drylands: biogeographical and geomorphological perspectives. Wiley, New York, pp 183–220Google Scholar
  11. Yair A, Berkowicz SM (1989) Climatic and non-climatic controls of aridity: the case of the Northern Negev of Israel. Catena suppl 14:145–158Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Veste
    • C. Sommer
      • 1
    • S. -W. Breckle
      • T. Littmann
        • 2
        • 3
      1. 1.Department of EcologyUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany
      2. 2.Institute for GeoscienceMartin-Luther-University of Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany
      3. 3.DLC Dr. Littmann ConsultingEnnepetalGermany

      Personalised recommendations