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Soft Materials in Technology and Biology – Characteristics, Properties, and Parameter Identification

  • M. Staat
  • G. Baroud
  • M. Topcu
  • S. Sponagel
Chapter

Abstract

The growing interest in flexible structures has also brought biomechanics into the focus of engineers. Elastomers and soft tissues consist of similar networks of macromolecules. After a brief introduction to the concepts of continuum mechanics, typical isotropic models of soft materials in technology and biology are presented. Similarities and differences of the thermo-mechanical behavior are discussed. For rubber-like materials a modification of the Kilian network is suggested which greatly simplifies the identification of material parameters. Finally the dynamical loading of biopolymers and volume changes with phase transitions are considered.

Keywords

Residual Stress Natural Rubber Soft Material Relaxation Function Tensor Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Staat
    • 1
  • G. Baroud
    • 2
  • M. Topcu
    • 1
  • S. Sponagel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Bioengineering and Biomechanics LaboratoryAachen University of Applied SciencesJülichGermany
  2. 2.Laboratoire de biomécaniquel’Université de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

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